Brant, Joseph

born 1742, banks of the Ohio River
died Nov. 24, 1807, near Brantford, Ont., Can.

Mohawk Indian chief and Christian missionary.

Brant was converted to the Anglican church while attending a school for Indians in Connecticut. He fought for the British in the last French and Indian War (1754–63). He led four of the six Iroquois nations on the British side in the American Revolution, winning several notable battles. After the war Brant was granted land along the Grand River in Ontario, Can., where he ruled peacefully and continued his missionary work.

Joseph Brant, portrait by Charles Willson Peale, 1797; in Independence National Historical Park, ...

By courtesy of the Independence National Historical Park Collection, Philadelphia

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▪ Mohawk chief
Indian name  Thayendanegea 
born 1742, on the banks of the Ohio River
died November 24, 1807, near Brantford, Ontario, Canada
 Mohawk Indian chief who served not only as a spokesman for his people but also as a Christian missionary and a British military officer during the American Revolution (1775–83).

      Brant was converted to the Anglican church after two years (1761–63) at Moor's Charity School for Indians in Lebanon, Connecticut, where he learned English and became acquainted with Western history and literature. He left school to become an interpreter for an Anglican missionary and later aided in translating the prayer book and the Gospel of Mark into Mohawk (1787).

      Brant's sister Molly was the wife of the British superintendent for northern Indian affairs, Sir William Johnson (Johnson, Sir William, 1st Baronet), whom he followed into battle at age 13. He fought for the British in the last French and Indian War (1754–63), and in 1774 he was appointed secretary to Sir William's successor, Guy Johnson. In 1775 Brant received a captain's commission and was sent to England, where he was presented at court.

      On his return, Brant led four of the six Iroquois nations on the British side in the American Revolution. He attacked colonial outposts on the New York frontier, skillfully commanding the Indian contingent in the Battle of Oriskany (Oriskany, Battle of) (August 6, 1777) and winning a formidable reputation after the raid on the fortified village of Cherry Valley, New York (November 11, 1778). Cooperating with British regulars and loyalists, Brant brought fear and destruction to the entire Mohawk Valley, southern New York, and northern Pennsylvania. He also thwarted the attempt of a rival chief, Red Jacket, to persuade the Iroquois to conclude a separate peace with the revolutionaries.

      After the war, Brant discouraged further Indian warfare on the frontier and aided the U.S. commissioners in securing peace treaties with the Miamis and other western tribes. He retained his commission in the British army and was awarded a grant of land on the Grand River, in Ontario, where he ruled peacefully over his followers who settled there. He continued his missionary work and in 1785 again visited England, where he raised funds for the first Episcopal Church in Upper Canada.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brant,Joseph — Brant (brănt), Joseph. Originally Thayendanegea. 1742 1807. Mohawk leader who supported the British in the French and Indian War and the American Revolution. * * * …   Universalium

  • Brant, Joseph — (1742 1807)    A Mohawk Indian chief, whose native name was Thayendanegea. Educated at an Indian school in Connecticut. Visited England in 1775. In the Revolutionary War sided with the British and rendered valuable service. Revisited England… …   The makers of Canada

  • Brant, Joseph — (1742, ribera del río Ohio–24 nov. 1807, en las cercanías de Brantford, Ontario, Canadá). Jefe indígena mohawk y misionero cristiano. Se convirtió a la fe anglicana mientras asistía a un colegio para indígenas en Connecticut. Peleó a favor de los …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BRANT, JOSEPH —    Indian chief who sided with the British in the American war; a brave and good man; d. 1807 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Joseph Brandt — Joseph Brant (manchmal auch Brandt oder Brand; gebürtig Thayendanegea * 1742; † 24. August 1807 im Indianerreservat am Grand River, Ontario, heute Kanada) war ein Anführer der Mohawk Indianer während des Amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieges …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brant — [brant] Joseph (born Thayendanegea) 1742 1807; Mohawk Indian chief: fought for the British in the French and Indian War & the Revolutionary War …   English World dictionary

  • Joseph Brant — Not to be confused with Józef Brandt. Joseph Brant Thayendanegea Joseph Brant, painted in London by leading court painter George Romney Born …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Brant — Thayendanegea Joseph Brant Thayendanegea o Joseph Brant, pintado por Gilbert Stuart en 1786 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joseph — /joh zeuhf, seuhf/, n. 1. Jacob s eleventh son, the first of Jacob and his second wife, Rachel: sold into slavery by his brothers. Gen. 30:22 24; 37. 2. the husband of Mary who was the mother of Jesus. Matt. 1:16 25. 3. (Hinmaton yalaktit), c1840 …   Universalium

  • Joseph — (as used in expressions) Abbot, Sir John (Joseph Caldwell) Addison, Joseph Akiba ben Joseph Jacques Joseph Ahearn Arrow, Kenneth J(oseph) Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph Banks, Sir Joseph Belloc, (Joseph Pierre) Hilaire Berrigan, Daniel (Joseph) y …   Enciclopedia Universal

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