Bowman, Sir William

born July 20, 1816, Nantwich, Cheshire, Eng.
died March 29, 1892, near Dorking, Surrey

English surgeon and histologist.

His studies of organ tissues with his teacher Robert Todd led to major papers on the structure and function of voluntary muscle and of the kidneys and on the detailed anatomy of the liver. In the kidneys, he found that the capsule (Bowman capsule) surrounding each glomerulus (ball of capillaries) in the nephrons is a continuous part of the renal duct. This was of prime importance to his filtration theory of urine formation, key to understanding kidney function. Bowman and Todd published The Physiological Anatomy and Physiology of Man (2 vol., 1845–56), a pioneering work in both physiology and histology. Turning to the eye, Bowman became one of the world's foremost ophthalmic research scientists, London's outstanding eye surgeon, and the first to describe several eye structures and their functions.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BOWMAN Sir William — (1816 1892)(retrato) [véase]: médico y anatomista inglés, cuyo nombre ha sido asignado a varias estructuras renales Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • Bowman, Sir William — (20 jul. 1816, Nantwich, Cheshire, Inglaterra–29 mar. 1892, cerca de Dorking, Surrey). Cirujano e histólogo inglés. Sus estudios de los tejidos de los órganos con su profesor Robert Todd condujeron a importantes publicaciones sobre la estructura… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bowman, Sir William, 1st Baronet — ▪ English surgeon and histologist born July 20, 1816, Nantwich, Cheshire, Eng. died March 29, 1892, near Dorking, Surrey       English surgeon and histologist who discovered that urine is a by product of the blood filtration that is carried on in …   Universalium

  • Sir William Bowman, 1st Baronet — Infobox Scientist name = Sir William Bowman, 1st Baronet box width = image width = 150px caption = Sir William Bowman, 1st Baronet birth date = July 20, 1816 birth place = Nantwich, Cheshire, England death date = March 29, 1892 death place =… …   Wikipedia

  • Sir William Paget Bowman, 2nd Baronet — He was born in 1846, the eldest son of the surgeon Sir William Bowman, 1st Baronet, and educated at Eton and University College, Oxford before being called to the Bar in 1870. Among other posts, he was Registrar of the Corporation of the Sons of… …   Wikipedia

  • William Bowman — Sir William Bowman Sir William Bowman (* 20. Juli 1816 in Nantwich, Cheshire; † 29. März 1892 in Joldwynds bei Dorking) war ein britischer Augenarzt und Anatom. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Macewen — Sir William Macewen CB, FRS, (* 22. Juni 1848 in Port Bannatyne, Isle of Bute; † 22. März 1924 in Glasgow) war ein schottischer Chirurg. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk 3 Ehrungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

  • William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… …   Universalium

  • sir — (Voz inglesa.) ► sustantivo masculino Tratamiento honorífico empleado por los británicos. * * * sir (ingl.; pronunc. [ser]) m. *Tratamiento de respeto usado en Inglaterra delante de un nombre de hombre o para dirigirse a la persona de que se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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