Bothnia, Gulf of
- Northern arm of the Baltic Sea.Extending between Sweden and Finland, it covers about 45,200 sq mi (117,000 sq km). It is 450 mi (725 km) long and 50–150 mi (80–240 km) wide; its average depth is 965 ft (295 m). Because many rivers drain into it, its salinity is very low; ice cover consequently lasts up to five months of the year.
* * *Swedish Bottniska Viken, Finnish Pohjan Lahti,northern arm of the Baltic Sea, between Sweden (west) and Finland (east). Covering an area of about 45,200 square miles (117,000 square km), the gulf extends for 450 miles (725 km) from north to south but only 50 to 150 miles (80 to 240 km) from east to west; it is nearly closed off by the Åland (Ahvenanmaa) Islands (south). Its maximum depth is 965 feet (295 m) in the west-central portion; its average depth is only about 200 feet (60 m). Because it receives the water of so many rivers, including the Ångerman, Ume, Lule, Torne, Kemi, and Oulu, its salinity is extremely low, and, in consequence, ice cover is maintained for up to five months in the winter. There are many small islands, making navigation difficult. The main gulf ports are Pori, Vaasa (Vasa), and Oulu in Finland and Luleå, Härnösand, Sundsvall, and Gävle in Sweden. Many coastal sawmills process the vast forest resources of the hinterland, which was formerly called Bothnia (Botten), whence the gulf's name.
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Bothnia,Gulf of — Both·ni·a (bŏthʹnē ə), Gulf of An arm of the Baltic Sea between Sweden and Finland. It is icebound for nearly half the year. * * * … Universalium
Bothnia, Gulf of — geographical name arm of Baltic Sea between Sweden & Finland … New Collegiate Dictionary
Bothnia, Gulf of — … Useful english dictionary
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Bothnia — [bäth′nē ə] Gulf of arm of the Baltic Sea, between Finland & Sweden … English World dictionary
Gulf of Bothnia — The Gulf of Bothnia ( fi. Pohjanlahti; sv. Bottniska viken, i.e. Bottenviken + Bottenhavet) is the northernmost arm of the Baltic Sea. It is situated between Finland s west coast and Sweden s east coast. In the south of the gulf lie the Åland… … Wikipedia
Bothnia — n. (Gulf of Bothnia) arm of the Baltic Sea that extends between Sweden and Finland … English contemporary dictionary