Noble Italian family, originally from Siena, who first gained fame in the 13th century as magistrates, ambassadors, and other public officials.They moved to Rome in the 16th century and there, after Camillo Borghese was elected (1605) as Pope Paul V, the family rose in wealth and fame. Prominent family members included the adopted Scipione Caffarelli (later Borghese) (1576–1633), a cardinal and patron of the arts, and Camillo F. L. Borghese (1775–1832), who married Pauline Bonaparte and played an important role in Franco-Italian relations.
* * *▪ Italian familya noble Italian family, originally from Siena, who first gained fame in the 13th century as magistrates, ambassadors, and other public officials. They moved to Rome in the 16th century and there, following the election (1605) of Camillo as Pope Paul V, rose in wealth and fame.Among the early members, Galgano was papal ambassador to Naples (1456), Pietro was nominated senator by Leo X (pope 1513–21) in 1516, and Giambattista was a famed apologist for Clement VII (pope 1523–34).The move to Rome was started by Marcantonio (1504–74), the father of Camillo Borghese, the future Pope Paul V. (See Paul V under Paul [Papacy].) Paul V bestowed privileges upon family members, first naming as cardinal his nephew Scipione Caffarelli (1576–1633), whom he adopted into the Borghese family.Augmenting his wealth and influence, Scipione played a leading role in church politics. His chief interest, however, was the cultivation of the arts, to which he devoted the greater part of his life and wealth. Most importantly, he recognized and encouraged the talent of the young Gian Lorenzo Bernini (Bernini, Gian Lorenzo) (1598–1680), who later became the outstanding sculptor and architect of the Italian Baroque.With the sizable income that he enjoyed from the several ecclesiastic offices that he held, Scipione financed the restoration and construction of many churches and palaces in the city of Rome. His major project was to have the Villa Borghese built in Rome, where he assembled an important collection of paintings and sculptures.Pope Paul V also helped his nephew Marcantonio II (1601–58), who fathered the present branch of the Borghese family, whose wealth and estates he vastly augmented. Paul V obtained for Marcantonio the important principality of Sulmona and made him prince of Vivaro. Marcantonio married Camilla Orsini (1619), thereby acquiring the estates of the powerful Orsini family. He also arranged the marriage of his son Paolo (d. 1646) to Olimpia, the Aldobrandini heiress.Other family members who remained prominent in church affairs in Siena included Cardinals Pier Maria (c. 1600–1642), Francesco (1697–1759), and Scipione (1734–82). Somewhat later, Marcantonio III became viceroy of Naples. The Borghese tradition of patronage of the arts was carried on by his nephew Marcantonio IV (1730–1800), who had the Villa Borghese renewed. He also enlarged the Borghese estates by his marriage to the wealthy and prominent Maria Salviati.In the 19th century, Camillo Fillipo Ludovico (1775–1832) played an important role in Franco-Italian relations. Having married Napoleon's sister Marie Pauline (1803), he reached the rank of general in the army and was named governor of Piedmont (1807). After Napoleon's abdication, he concluded a surrender with the victorious Austrians and later maintained order during the transfer of power. Camillo won infamy for having sold to Napoleon the magnificent Borghese family art collection, part of which he recovered in 1815.Camillo's brother Francesco (1776–1839) later became a general. Francesco's grandsons split the family into two branches. One, led by Paolo (1845–1920), retained the name Borghese; the other, led by Giulio (1847–1914), took the cognomen Torlonia.
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Borghese Collection — The Borghese Collection was a collection of Roman sculptures, old masters and modern art collected by the Roman Borghese family from the 17th century on. It includes major collections of Caravaggio, Raphael, and Titian, and of ancient Roman art.… … Wikipedia
Borghese Vase — The Borghese Vase is a monumental bell shaped krater sculpted in Athens from Pentelic marble in the second half of the 1st century BC as a garden ornament for the Roman market; [Two further versions of the vase were found among other marbles in… … Wikipedia
Borghese Gallery — ▪ museum, Rome, Italy Italian Galleria Borghese, state museum in Rome distinguished for its collection of Italian Baroque painting and ancient sculpture. It is located in the Borghese Gardens on the Pincian Hill and is housed in the… … Universalium
family — /fam euh lee, fam lee/, n., pl. families, adj. n. 1. parents and their children, considered as a group, whether dwelling together or not. 2. the children of one person or one couple collectively: We want a large family. 3. the spouse and children … Universalium
Borghese — [bō̂r gā′zā] n. name of a family of It. nobility, orig. of Siena, later of Rome: prominent from the 16th to the 19th cent … English World dictionary
BORGHESE — name of a family of high position and great wealth in Rome: Camillo, having become Pope in 1605 under the title of Paul V.; and Prince Borghese having married Pauline Bonaparte, sister of Napoleon, who separated himself from her on the fall of … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Borghese — Recorded in many forms including Bourges, Bourgaize, Bourgeois, (France), Burgess, Burges and Burgis (England and Scotland), Borghese, Borgesio and Burgisi (Italy), and others, this interesting surname is of pre 8th century Old French origins. It … Surnames reference
Borghese — /bawrdd ge ze/; Eng. /bawr gay zee, zay/, n. a member of a noble Italian family, originally from Siena, that was important in Italian politics and society from the 16th to the early 19th century. * * * … Universalium
Borghese — Noble Italian family … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Borghese — Bor•ghe•se [[t]bɔrˈgeɪ zi, zeɪ[/t]] n. why noble Italian family, important in Italian politics and society from the 16th to the 19th century … From formal English to slang