Boltzmann, Ludwig (Eduard)

born Feb. 20, 1844, Vienna, Austria
died Sept. 5, 1906, Duino, Italy

Austrian physicist.

He obtained his doctorate from the University of Vienna and thereafter taught at several German and Austrian universities. He was one of the first European scientists to recognize the importance of James Clerk Maxwell's electromagnetic theory. He explained the second law of thermodynamics by applying the laws of mechanics and the theory of probability to the motions of atoms, and he is remembered as the developer of statistical mechanics. His work was widely attacked and misunderstood; subject to depression after 1900, he eventually committed suicide. Shortly after his death, his conclusions were finally supported by discoveries in atomic physics and by recognition that phenomena such as Brownian motion could be explained only by statistical mechanics.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Boltzmann, Ludwig Eduard — ▪ Austrian physicist born Feb. 20, 1844, Vienna, Austria died Sept. 5, 1906, Duino, Italy       physicist whose greatest achievement was in the development of statistical mechanics, which explains and predicts how the properties of atoms (such as …   Universalium

  • Boltzmann, Ludwig (Eduard) — (20 feb. 1844, Viena, Austria–5 sep. 1906, Duino, Italia). Físico austríaco. Obtuvo su doctorado en la Universidad de Viena y de ahí en adelante enseñó en varias universidades alemanas y austríacas. Fue uno de los primeros científicos europeos en …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ludwig — Ludwig, Emil Ludwig, Karl Friedrich Ludwig, Otto * * * (as used in expressions) Beck, Ludwig Beethoven, Ludwig van Boltzmann, Ludwig (Eduard) Erhard, Ludwig Feuerbach, Ludwig (Andreas) Fraenkel Conrat, Heinz L(udwig) Frege, (Friedrich Ludwig)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ludwig Boltzmann — Boltzmanns Bild in der Dibner Kollektion …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Boltzmann constant — Physics. the ratio of the universal gas constant to Avogadro s number, equal to 1.3803 × 10 16 erg per degree C. Symbol: k Also, Boltzmann s constant. [1905 10; after L. BOLTZMANN] * * * Ratio of the universal gas constant (see gas laws) to… …   Universalium

  • Ludwig — /lud wig, lood vig, wig/; Ger. /looht vikh, loohd /, n. 1. Emil /ay meel/, (Emil Cohn), 1881 1948, German biographer. 2. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning famous warrior. * * * (as used in expressions) Beck Ludwig Beethoven Ludwig… …   Universalium

  • Eduard — (as used in expressions) Bernstein Eduard Bismarck Otto Eduard Leopold prince von Boltzmann Ludwig Eduard Eduard Schnitzer Mörike Eduard Friedrich Shevardnadze Eduard Amvrosiyevich Taaffe Eduard count von * * * …   Universalium

  • Eduard — (as used in expressions) Bernstein, Eduard Bismarck, Otto (Eduard Leopold), príncipe von Boltzmann, Ludwig (Eduard) Eduard Schnitzer Mörike, Eduard Friedrich Shevardnadze, Eduard (Ambrósievich) Taaffe, Eduard, conde von …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ludwig Boltzmann — Naissance 20 février 1844 Vienne ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Boltzmann (Cratère) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Boltzmann. Boltzmann Localisation Astre Lune Coordonnées 74°  …   Wikipédia en Français

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