Boerhaave, Hermann


Boerhaave, Hermann
born Dec. 31, 1668, Voorhout, Neth.
died Sept. 23, 1738, Leiden

Dutch physician.

As a professor at the University of Leiden, he was renowned as a teacher, and he is often credited with founding the modern system of teaching medical students at the patient's bedside. His reputation as one of the greatest physicians of the 18th century lay partly in his attempts to organize the mass of medical information known at the time, in a series of major texts and encyclopedic works.

Boerhaave, detail of a portrait by Cornelis Troost; in the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

By courtesy of the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

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▪ Dutch physician
born Dec. 31, 1668, Voorhout, Neth.
died Sept. 23, 1738, Leiden
 Dutch physician and professor of medicine who was the first great clinical, or “bedside,” teacher.

      Boerhaave graduated in philosophy from the University of Leiden in 1684 and in medicine from the academy at Harderwijk in 1693. He spent the whole of his professional life at the University of Leiden, serving as professor of botany and of medicine, rector of the university, professor of practical medicine, and professor of chemistry. By his brilliant teaching he restored the prestige of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Leiden, and students came from all parts of Europe to hear his lectures. Through his pupils Boerhaave exerted an influence on later medical teaching at Edinburgh, at Vienna, and in Germany, and he is often credited with founding the modern system of teaching medical students at the patient's bedside.

      Boerhaave's principal works are textbooks that were widely used during and after his lifetime: Institutiones Medicae (1708; “Medical Principles”), Aphorismi de Cognoscendis et Curandis Morbis (1709; “Aphorisms on the Recognition and Treatment of Diseases”), and Elementa Chemiae (1724; “Elements of Chemistry”). Boerhaave's reputation as one of the greatest physicians of the 18th century lay partly in his attempts to collect, arrange, and systematize the mass of medical information that had accumulated up to that time.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BOERHAAVE Hermann — (1668 1738) (retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/b/bo.htm#boerhaave]: cirujano holandés, nacido en Leyden conocido por el síndrome que lleva su nombre Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • Boerhaave, Hermann — (31 dic. 1668, Voorhout, Países Bajos–23 sep. 1738, Leiden). Médico holandés. Como profesor de la Universidad de Leiden, fue un renombrado docente, a menudo se le atribuye la creación del sistema moderno de enseñanza médica, a la cabecera del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BOERHAAVE, Hermann (Hermannus) — (1668–1738)    Profes sor of medicine, botany, and chemistry at Leiden University. Boer haave was famous for his clinical skills. He reorganized the academic training in medicine, and his lectures attracted many students from abroad. Among his… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • Hermann — Hermann, Ludimar * * * (as used in expressions) Boerhaave, Hermann Hermann Wilhelm Brandt Broch, Hermann Ebbinghaus, Hermann Fischer, Emil (Hermann) Ford Hermann Hueffer Göring, Hermann Hermann Goering Haitink, Bernard (Johann Hermann) Helmholtz …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hermann — (as used in expressions) Boerhaave Hermann Hermann Wilhelm Brandt Broch Hermann Ebbinghaus Hermann Fischer Emil Hermann Ford Hermann Hueffer Göring Hermann Hermann Goering Haitink Bernard Johann Hermann Helmholtz Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von… …   Universalium

  • Boerhaave —   [ buːrhaːvə], Hermann, niederländischer Arzt, * Voorhout (bei Leiden) 31. 12. 1668, ✝ Leiden 23. 9. 1738; war ab 1709 Professor der Medizin und Botanik in Leiden, lehrte ab 1714 praktische Medizin, ab 1718 auch Chemie. Boerhaave galt in seiner… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Boerhaave — (spr. Burhave), 1) Hermann, geb. 1668 in Leyden; er war zum geistlichen Stande bestimmt, trieb aber in Leyden Morgenländische Sprachen u. Mathematik u. ging später zur Medicin über; 1701 wurde er Professor der theoretischen Medicin zu Leyden,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Boerhaave — (spr bur ), Hermann, Mediziner, geb. 31 Dez. 1668 in Voorhout bei Leiden, gest. 23. Sept. 1788, studierte seit 1682 Theologie, dann Mathematik und seit 1690 Medizin, ward 1701 Lektor und Repeten und 1709 Professor der Medizin und Botanik zu… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Boerhaave — (Buhrhave). Hermann, einer der berühmtesten Aerzte des vorigen Jahrh., geb. den 13. Dezbr. 1668 zu Voorhout bei Leyden, wandte sich 1690 vom Studium der Theologie zur Medizin. Alle wichtigeren Schriftsteller der Reihenfolge nach durchlesend,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Boerhaave — Hermann, Dutch physician, 1668–1738. See B. syndrome …   Medical dictionary


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