Blair, Henry William

born Dec. 6, 1834, Campton, N.H., U.S.
died March 14, 1920, Washington, D.C.

U.S. politician.

He practiced law from 1859 and served in the New Hampshire state legislature before being elected to the U.S. House of Representatives (1875–79) and Senate (1879–91). In 1876 he sought to give revenues from the sale of public lands to the nation's schools, and in 1881 he proposed to "vitalize" the schools with a $120-million grant to the states; neither effort succeeded. He also advocated women's rights and racial justice.

* * *

▪ American politician
born Dec. 6, 1834, Campton, N.H., U.S.
died March 14, 1920, Washington, D.C.
 American politician who as a member of Congress pioneered efforts to win federal support for public education.

      Blair was 2 when his father died and 12 when his mother died. Raised by neighbours on a farm, he attended school sporadically when breaks from farm work permitted. He never went to college but studied law privately and was admitted to the bar in 1859.

      Twice rejected as physically unfit for service in the American Civil War, Blair was finally accepted in 1862. He rose from captain to lieutenant colonel of the 15th New Hampshire Volunteers, but he was soon severely wounded and spent the rest of the war an invalid at home.

      In 1866 he won a seat in the state legislature and in 1874 was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, where he served two terms. In 1879 the legislature elected him to the U.S. Senate, where he served until 1891. Although an orthodox Republican on most issues, Blair took advanced positions on peace and disarmament, the rights of women and workers, enfranchisement of residents of the nation's capital, racial justice, and public education.

      Some 80 years ahead of his time, he vainly sought in 1876 to give revenues from the sale of public lands to the nation's schools; and in 1881 he proposed a $120,000,000 grant to the states to “vitalize” their schools. As chairman of the Senate's Committee on Education and Labor, he consistently, and vainly, sought federal aid to public schools.

      Blair accepted appointment by President Benjamin Harrison as minister to China, but he was recalled when the Chinese government, angered at his position opposing Asian immigration, declared him persona non grata. He settled in Washington, D.C., and resumed his law practice.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Blair, Henry William — (6 dic. 1834, Campton, N.H., EE.UU.–14 mar. 1920, Washington, D.C.). Político estadounidense. Ejerció como abogado a partir de 1859 y se desempeñó en el poder legislativo del estado de New Hampshire antes de ser elegido miembro de la Cámara de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Henry William Blair — (* 6. Dezember 1834 in Campton, Grafton County, New Hampshire; † 14. März 1920 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry W. Blair — Henry William Blair (* 6. Dezember 1834 in Campton, Grafton County, New Hampshire; † 14. März 1920 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Republikanische Partei). Er vertrat den …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Blair — /blair/, n. 1. Anthony Charles Lynton /lin teuhn/ (Tony), born 1953, British political leader: prime minister since 1997. 2. Also, Blaire. a male or female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Blair Henry William Blair Tony Eric Arthur… …   Universalium

  • Blair — Blair, Toni * * * (as used in expressions) Blair, Henry William Blair, Tony Eric Arthur Blair Port Blair …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • henry — /hen ree/, n., pl. henries, henrys. Elect. the SI unit of inductance, formally defined to be the inductance of a closed circuit in which an electromotive force of one volt is produced when the electric current in the circuit varies uniformly at a …   Universalium

  • Henry — /hen ree/, n. 1. Joseph, 1797 1878, U.S. physicist. 2. O., pen name of William Sydney Porter. 3. Patrick, 1736 99, American patriot, orator, and statesman. 4. Cape, a cape in SE Virginia at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. 5. Fort. See …   Universalium

  • William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… …   Universalium

  • Henry — ► sustantivo masculino ELECTRICIDAD Denominación del henrio en la nomenclatura internacional. IRREG. plural henrys * * * henrio o henry (de J. Henry, físico inglés) m. Fís. Unidad de inductancia eléctrica en el Sistema Internacional. * * * …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • henry — ► sustantivo masculino ELECTRICIDAD Denominación del henrio en la nomenclatura internacional. IRREG. plural henrys * * * henrio o henry (de J. Henry, físico inglés) m. Fís. Unidad de inductancia eléctrica en el Sistema Internacional. * * * henry …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.