Bichat, (Marie-François-) Xavier

born Nov. 11/14, 1771, Thoirette, Fra.
died July 22, 1802, Lyon

French anatomist and physiologist.

In addition to bedside observations of patients, he conducted autopsies to study the changes disease causes in various organs. With no knowledge of the cell as the functional unit of living things, Bichat was among the first to see the organs of the body as being formed through the specialization of simple, functional units (tissues). Without using a microscope, he distinguished 21 kinds of tissues that, in different combinations, form the organs of the body. His systematic study of human tissues helped create the science of histology.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BICHAT Marie François Xavier — (1711 1802) (retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/b/bi.htm#bichat]: anatomista y fisiólogo francés conocido por el conducto que lleva su nombre (conducto aracnoideo) Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • Bichat, Marie-François-Xavier — ▪ French anatomist and physiologist born Nov. 11/14, 1771, Thoirette, France died July 22, 1802, Lyon  French anatomist and physiologist whose systematic study of human tissues (tissue) helped found the science of histology.       Bichat studied… …   Universalium

  • Bichat, (Marie-François-) Xavier — (11/14 nov. 1771, Thoirette, Francia–22 jul. 1802, Lyon). Anatomista y fisiólogo francés. Además de sus observaciones como médico de cabecera, realizó autopsias para estudiar los cambios que causan las enfermedades en diversos órganos. Sin saber… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bichat, Marie François Xavier — ► (1771 1802) Anatomista y fisiólogo francés. Fundó la histología …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BICHÂT, MARIE FRANÇOIS XAVIER —    an eminent French anatomist and physiologist; physician to the Hôtel Dieu, Paris; one of the first to resolve the structure of the human body into, as Sartor has it, cellular, vascular, and muscular tissues; his great work Anatomie Générale… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Marie Francois Xavier Bichat — Marie François Xavier Bichat Portrait de Xavier Bichat Marie François Xavier Bichat, né le 14 novembre 1771 à Thoirette (Jura) et décédé le 22 juillet 1802 à Paris, est un m …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marie François Xavier Bichat — Born November 14, 1771(1771 11 14) Thoirette …   Wikipedia

  • Marie François Xavier Bichat — Portrait von Marie François Xavier Bichat Marie François Xavier Bichat (* 11. oder 14. November 1771 in Thoirette; † 22. Juli 1802 in Paris) war ein französischer Anatom sowie Physiologe. Er gilt als Begründer der Histologie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marie François Xavier Bichat — Xavier Bichat. Portrait par Godefroy Engelmann …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marie François — may refer to: Auguste Marie François Beernaert (1829 1912), Prime Minister of Belgium Marie François Oscar Bardy de Fourtou (1836 1897), French politician Marie François Sadi Carnot (1837 1894), French statesman Marie François Xavier Bichat (1771 …   Wikipedia

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