Biafra, Bight of
- Inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, West Africa.The innermost bay of the Gulf of Guinea, it is bounded by Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon, and receives portions of the Niger and Ogooué rivers. It includes several islands, including Bioko. Its ports include Malabo, Calabar, and Douala. In the 16th–19th century the bay was the scene of extensive slave dealing. By the 1830s palm-oil trading had surpassed slave trading. Today petroleum is a major economic resource.
* * *inlet of the Atlantic Ocean on the western African coast, extending east, then south, for 370 miles (600 km) from the Nun outlet of the Niger River (Nigeria) to Cape Lopez (Gabon). The innermost bay of the Gulf of Guinea, it is bounded by southeastern Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and northwestern Gabon and receives portions of the Niger and Ogooué river discharges and also the Cross, Sanaga, and many other rivers. Within the bight are several islands, the largest of which is Bioko, belonging to Equatorial Guinea. Major ports on the bay are Malabo (on Bioko), Port Harcourt and Calabar (Nigeria), Douala (Cameroon), Bata (Equatorial Guinea), and Libreville and Port-Gentil (Gabon).Between the 16th and the 19th century the Bight of Biafra was the scene of extensive slave-dealing operations, based mainly on the ports of Brass, Bonny, Opobo, and Old Calabar (now Calabar) in Nigeria. By the 1830s the palm-oil trade had surpassed slave trading, and it has maintained its importance. Petroleum, discovered in the late 1950s in the Niger River delta, is a major economic resource.
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Biafra, Bight of — or Bight of Bonny geographical name the E section of Gulf of Guinea W Africa … New Collegiate Dictionary
bight — /buyt/, n. 1. the middle part of a rope, as distinguished from the ends. 2. the loop or bent part of a rope, as distinguished from the ends. 3. a bend or curve in the shore of a sea or river. 4. a body of water bounded by such a bend. 5. a bay or … Universalium
Bight of Bonny — geographical name see Biafra, Bight of … New Collegiate Dictionary
Biafra — [bē äf′rə, bēaf′rə] 1. region of SE Nigeria, on the Bight of Biafra: seceded from Nigeria (1967 70) during unsuccessful war for independence 2. Bight of eastern part of the Gulf of Guinea, on the W coast of Africa Biafran adj., n … English World dictionary
Biafra — Republic of Biafra Unrecognized state ← … Wikipedia
Bight of Bonny — The Bight of Bonny (also known as the Bight of Biafra) is a bight off the West African coast, in the easternmost part (beyond the Bight of Benin to the West) of the Gulf of Guinea. It extends from the river delta of the Niger in the north till… … Wikipedia
Bight of Benin — The Bight of Benin is a bight (a type of bay) on the western African coast that extends eastward for about 400 miles (640 km) from Cape St. Paul to the Nun outlet of the Niger River. To the east it is continued by the Bight of Bonny (formerly… … Wikipedia
Bight (geography) — In geography, bight has two meanings. A bight can be simply a bend or curve in any geographical feature mdash;usually a bend or curve in the line between land and water. Alternatively, the term can refer to a large (and often only slightly… … Wikipedia
Biafra — Biafran, adj., n. /bee ah freuh/, n. 1. a former secessionist state (1967 70) in SE Nigeria, in W Africa. Cap.: Enugu. 2. Bight of, a wide bay in the E part of the Gulf of Guinea, off the W coast of Africa. * * * Former secessionist state, West… … Universalium
Bight of Bonny — Der Golf von Guinea Der Golf von Guinea bezeichnet den Teil des Atlantischen Ozeans, der von den Küsten Westafrikas im Norden und Osten begrenzt wird. Im Norden und Osten grenzt er an das Küstenland der Regionen Ober und Niederguinea und im Süden … Deutsch Wikipedia