Berzelius, Jöns Jacob, Baron

born Aug. 20, 1779, near Linköping, Swed.
died Aug. 7, 1848, Stockholm

Swedish chemist.

As a professor in Stockholm (1807–32) he achieved an immensely important series of innovations and discoveries. He is especially noted for his introduction of basic laboratory equipment that remains in use today; his determination of atomic weights; his creation of the modern system of chemical symbols; his theory of electrochemistry; his discovery of the elements cerium, selenium, and thorium and his isolation of silicon, zirconium, and titanium; his contribution to the classical techniques of analysis; and his investigations of isomerism and catalysis, both of which he named. He published more than 250 original research papers. He is regarded as one of the founders of modern chemistry.

Jöns Jacob Berzelius, detail of an oil painting by Olof Johan Södermark, 1843; in the ...

By courtesy of Svenska Portrattarkivet, Stockholm

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Jöns Jacob Berzelius — Portrait de Berzelius parue dans le Svenska Familj Journalen en 1873 Naissance 20 août 1779 Väversunda Sörgård ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jons Jacob Berzelius — Jöns Jacob Berzelius Jöns Jacob Berzelius (20 août 1779 7 août 1848), l un des fondateurs de la chimie moderne. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jöns Jacob Berzelius — Jöns Jakob Berzelius Berzelius in einer Lithographie von 1836 Jöns Jakob Berzelius (* 20. August 1779 im Socken Väversunda …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Berzelius — (Jöns Jacob, baron) (1779 1848) chimiste suédois. Il a inventé la notation chimique moderne, élaboré les notions d allotropie, d isomérie et de polymérie, formulé les lois de l électrochimie …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • baron — /bar euhn/, n. 1. a member of the lowest grade of nobility. 2. (in Britain) a. a feudal vassal holding his lands under a direct grant from the king. b. a direct descendant of such a vassal or his equal in the nobility. c. a member of the House of …   Universalium

  • Baron — /bann rddawonn /, n. Michel /mee shel /, (Michel Boyron), 1653 1729, French actor. * * * I Title of nobility, ranking in modern times immediately below a viscount or a count (in countries without viscounts). The wife of a baron is a baroness.… …   Universalium

  • Jacob — /jay keuhb/ for 1, 3; Fr. /zhann kawb / for 2, n. 1. the second son of Isaac, the twin brother of Esau, and father of the 12 patriarchs. Gen. 25:24 34. 2. François /frddahonn swann /, born 1920, French geneticist: Nobel prize for medicine 1965. 3 …   Universalium

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