born Oct. 17, 1833, Auxerre, Yonne, Francedied Nov. 11, 1886, HanoiFrench physiologist, founder of modern aerospace medicine.He taught for many years at the Sorbonne and served as a deputy in the government from 1872–86. His research on the effects of air pressure on the body helped make possible the exploration of space and the ocean depths. Bert found the main cause of altitude sickness to be low atmospheric oxygen content and showed decompression sickness to be due to nitrogen bubbles formed in the blood during rapid drops in external pressure.
* * *▪ French physiologist and politicianborn Oct. 17, 1833, Auxerre, Yonne, Fr.died Nov. 11, 1886, HanoiFrench physiologist, politician, and diplomat, founder of modern aerospace medicine, whose research into the effects of air pressure on the body helped make possible the exploration of space and the ocean depths. While professor of physiology at the Sorbonne (1869–86), he found that the illness suffered by animals at high altitudes is caused mainly by the low oxygen content of the sparse atmosphere.Bert also made a study of decompression sickness, suffered by deep-sea divers (who know its agonizing pain as “the bends”) when they are brought too quickly to the surface from the great pressures of the depths. Bert demonstrated that high external pressures force large quantities of atmospheric nitrogen to dissolve in the blood. During rapid decompression the nitrogen forms gas bubbles that obstruct capillaries. His classic La Pression barométrique, recherches de physiologie expérimentale (1878; Barometric Pressure: Researches in Experimental Physiology, 1943) was of fundamental importance to aviation medicine during World War II and to aerospace research in general.An anticlerical leftist, Bert represented Yonne in the Chamber of Deputies (1872–86) and served as minister of education (1881–82) in Léon Gambetta's Cabinet. He was a proponent of French colonial policy in Indochina and was appointed governor general in Annam and Tonkin (1886). Despite his short tenure, his impact in Indochina was considerable. He took steps to liberalize French rule in the region, increasing the administrative role of the Vietnamese court and lessening the influence of the military in civil affairs. His various political and social reforms eased tensions in the area and served as a model for later French administrators.
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Bert, Paul — (1833 1886) physiologist, political figure Born in Auxerre, Paul Bert was a student of claude Bernard and did his initial research on grafts and transplants, the physiology of respiration, the variations in functionary atmospheric pressure … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Bert, Paul — (17 oct. 1833, Auxerre, Yonne, Francia–11 nov. 1886, Hanoi). Fisiólogo francés, fundador de la medicina aeroespacial moderna. Enseñó por muchos años en la Sorbona y se desempeñó en el gobierno como diputado en 1872–86. Sus investigaciones sobre… … Enciclopedia Universal
BERT, PAUL — a French physiologist and statesman, born at Auxerre; was professor of Physiology at Paris; took to politics after the fall of the Empire; Minister of Public Instruction under Gambetta; sent governor to Tonquin; died of fever soon after; wrote … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
BERT (P.) — BERT PAUL (1833 1886) Licencié en droit (1856) et en sciences naturelles (1860), docteur en médecine, Paul Bert devient, en 1863, préparateur de Claude Bernard au Collège de France. En 1866 1867, il enseigne la zoologie et la physiologie à la… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Paul Bert — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Paul et Bert. Paul Bert Mandats … Wikipédia en Français
Paul Bert — Infobox Scientist name = Paul Bert box width = image size =150px caption = Paul Bert birth date = October 17, 1833 birth place = Auxerre (Yonne) death date = November 11, 1886 death place = Hanoi residence = citizenship = nationality = French… … Wikipedia
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