Berchtold, Leopold, count von
died Nov. 21, 1942, near Csepreg, Hung.Austro-Hungarian politician.One of the richest men in Austria-Hungary, he entered the diplomatic service in 1893 and became foreign minister in 1912. After the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand in 1914, Berchtold delivered an ultimatum to Serbia that led to the outbreak of World War I. He was forced to resign in 1915.
* * *▪ Austro-Hungarian foreign ministerin full Leopold Anton Johann Sigismund Joseph Korsinus Ferdinand, Count Von Berchtoldborn April 18, 1863, Vienna, Austriadied Nov. 21, 1942, near Csepreg, Hung.Austro-Hungarian foreign minister whose ultimatum to Serbia (July 23, 1914) was followed (Aug. 1) by the outbreak of World War I.A wealthy landowner in Hungary and Moravia, Berchtold, through marriage, became one of the richest men in Austria-Hungary. He entered the diplomatic service in 1893, held posts in Paris and London, and in 1906 was appointed ambassador to Russia. On Feb. 19, 1912, after the death of Aloys, Count Lexa von Aehrenthal, Berchtold reluctantly succeeded him as foreign minister. He soon fell under the influence of Franz, Count Conrad von Hötzendorf, chief of the general staff, but was restrained by the heir presumptive, Archduke Francis Ferdinand. At the beginning of the First Balkan War (October–December 1912), Berchtold unrealistically attempted to maintain the territorial status quo, and after the war he prevented Serbia from gaining a corridor to the Adriatic Sea. He was subsequently confronted with the Serbian ambition to form a state comprising all the South Slav peoples, including those subject at that time to Austria-Hungary. His vacillation aggravated the tension between Austria and Serbia, leading to the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand by a Bosnian Serb at Sarajevo, Bosnia, June 28, 1914.Encouraged by Conrad von Hötzendorf, who for years had urged a preventive war against Serbia, Berchtold, with the consent of the council of joint ministers, decided on an ultimatum, the onerous terms of which would assure its rejection by the Serbian government. He informed Germany, which granted Austria-Hungary a “blank check” for unconditional support, but not Italy, for fear that Rome would report immediately to St. Petersburg and thereby hasten the mobilization of Russia on Serbia's side—a prospect that Berchtold earlier had failed to take seriously. After the outbreak of the war, when Italy demanded territory from Austria-Hungary in return for no more than “benevolent neutrality,” Berchtold was forced to resign Jan. 13, 1915. He then accepted high office at court.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Count Leopold Berchtold — Leopold Graf Berchtold von und zu Ungarschitz, Frättling und Püllütz Austro Hungarian Ambassador to Russia In office 28 December 1906 – 25 March 191 … Wikipedia
von — /von/; Ger. /fawn/, unstressed /feuhn/, prep. from; of (used in German and Austrian personal names, originally to indicate place of origin and later to indicate nobility): Paul von Hindenburg. * * * (as used in expressions) Friedrich Leopold… … Universalium
count — count1 /kownt/, v.t. 1. to check over (the separate units or groups of a collection) one by one to determine the total number; add up; enumerate: He counted his tickets and found he had ten. 2. to reckon up; calculate; compute. 3. to list or name … Universalium
Leopold — /lee euh pohld /, n. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning people and bold. * * * (as used in expressions) Friedrich Leopold Baron von Hardenberg Berchtold Leopold count von Bismarck Otto Eduard Leopold prince von Dvorák Antonín Leopold… … Universalium
Leopold Graf Berchtold — Leopold Anton Johann Sigismund Josef Korsinus Ferdinand Graf Berchtold (in English: Count Leopold Anthony John Sigismund Joseph Corsinus Ferdinand von Berchtold , in Hungarian: Gróf Berchtold Lipót , in Czech: Leopold hrabě Berchtold z Uherčic )… … Wikipedia
Count Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal — Alois Lexa von Ährenthal in 1910 Count Alois Lexa von Ährenthal (September 27, 1854 – February 17, 1912) was an Austrian diplomat who engineered the Bosnian crisis of 1908. Born in Gross Skal, Bohemia (now Hrubá Skála, Czech Republic), … Wikipedia
Leopold Mozart — Johann Georg Leopold Mozart (November 14, 1719 ndash; May 28, 1787) was a composer, conductor, teacher, and violinist. He is best known today as the father and teacher of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and for his violin textbook Versuch einer… … Wikipedia
Bohuslav, Count Chotek of Chotkow and Wognin — Bohuslav Count Chotek von Chotkow und Wognin Count Bohuslav, portrait by Friedrich Kriehuber, 1870 Spouse(s) Countess Wilhelmine Kinsky von Wchinitz u … Wikipedia
Stephan Burián von Rajecz — Austro Hungarian Consul General to Bulgaria In office 4 May 1887 – 5 November 1895 Preceded by R … Wikipedia
Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal — Alois Lexa Freiherr von Aehrenthal (Baron, ab 1909 Graf, * 27. September 1854 im Schloss Hrubá Skála, Groß Skal, Böhmen; † 17. Februar 1912 in Wien) war ein österreichisch ungarischer Politiker, der 1906 bis 1912 k. u. k. Außenminister war … Deutsch Wikipedia