Berain, Jean, the Elder
born Oct. 28, 1637, Saint-Mihiel, Fr.died Jan. 24, 1711, ParisFrench decorator and designer.Trained under Charles Le Brun, he was appointed chief designer to the court of Louis XIV in 1674. He was skilled in designing tapestries, accessories, furniture, costumes, and elaborate stage settings for operas and extravagant theatrical productions; these were typically filled with fantastic iconography. He satisfied the king's appetite for splendour and inspired other cabinetmakers such as André-Charles Boulle.
* * *▪ French designer and painterborn October 28, 1637, Saint-Mihiel, Francedied January 24, 1711, ParisFrench draftsman, engraver, painter, and designer who was called by his contemporaries the oracle of taste in all matters of decoration.Trained under the great French decorator Charles Le Brun, Berain was working at the Louvre when appointed, in 1674, royal designer to King Louis XIV of France. After the death of Le Brun in 1690, he was commissioned to compose and supervise the exterior decoration of Louis's ships. Skillful in adapting the work of his predecessors, he designed tapestries, accessories, furniture, costumes, and decorations for opera, court festivals, and public solemnities. His work inspired the ornamentation of rooms and furniture by other cabinetmakers, such as André-Charles Boulle (Boulle, André-Charles), whose elaborate work in etched brass and tortoiseshell marquetry owes much of its inspiration to Berain's designs. Other craftsmen followed Boulle in using Berain for their chief source, and soon he exercised enormous influence all over Europe.Berain satisfied Louis's passionate appetite for splendour and grand entertainment. He designed chimneypieces, drapery, ornamental mounts, andirons, faience, chandeliers, sconces, and wall panels—all filled with such fantastic iconography as flaming hearts being hammered on anvils by cupids, assorted animals integrated into florid arabesques, and similar grotesqueries. As a result of Louis's fondness for Oriental art, Berain delved into Chinese motifs, which became the height of fashion in the mid-18th century after his death. His decorative experiments during the last part of Louis's reign influenced subsequent Rococo artists in fields ranging from furniture to porcelain.Berain designed the stage decor for extravagant theatrical productions devised by Molière. His son Jean Berain the Younger (1678–1726), best known as an engraver, was his pupil and succeeded to his official functions. His brother Claude Berain (d. 1726?) was an engraver to the king.
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Jean Bérain the Elder — (Saint Mihiel, Meuse, 1640 January 24, 1711, Paris) was a draughtsman and designer, painter and engraver of ornament, the artistic force in the Royal office of the Menus Plaisirs du Roi where all the designs originated for court spectacle, from… … Wikipedia
elder — elder1 /el deuhr/, adj. a compar. of old with eldest as superl. 1. of greater age; older. 2. of higher rank; senior: an elder officer. 3. of or pertaining to former times; earlier: Much that was forbidden by elder custom is accepted today. n. 4.… … Universalium
jean — jeaned, adj. /jeen/ or, for 1, Brit. formerly /jayn/, n. 1. Sometimes, jeans. a sturdy twilled fabric, usually of cotton. 2. jeans, (used with a pl. v.) a. See blue jeans. b. pants of various fabrics, styled or constructed like blue jeans. Cf.… … Universalium
Jean — Fr. /zhahonn/ for 1, 2; /jeen/ for 3, n. 1. born 1921, Grand Duke of Luxembourg since 1964. 2. a male given name, form of John. 3. a female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Jean François Gravelet Jean Boulogne Jean Baptiste Poquelin… … Universalium
Jean Bérain — Jean Bérain. Jean Bérain el Viejo (Saint Mihiel, Mosa, 1640 París, 24 de enero de 1711), fue un dibujante y diseñador, pintor y grabador francés, principal fuerza artística de la oficina Real de los «Men … Wikipedia Español
Jean Bérain — may refer to: * Jean Bérain the Elder (1638 1711) * Jean Bérain the Younger (1678 1726) … Wikipedia
Jean Bérain the Younger — (1678 in Paris ndash;1726 in Paris) was a French designer, and son of Jean Bérain the Elder.He was his father s pupil, and exercised the same official functions after his father s death. Thus he planned the funeral ceremonies at Saint Denis… … Wikipedia
Nicodemus Tessin the Younger — Born May 23, 1654(1654 05 23) Nyköping, Södermanland Died April 10, 1728(1728 04 10) (aged 73) … Wikipedia
stage design — Aesthetic composition of a dramatic production as created by lighting, scenery, costumes, and sound. While elements such as painted screens and wheeled platforms were used in the Greek theatre of the 4th century BC, most innovations in stage… … Universalium
Rococo style — or Late Baroque Style in interior design, the decorative arts, painting, architecture, and sculpture that originated in Paris in the early 18th century. The word Rococo is derived from French rocaille, denoting the shell covered rockwork used to… … Universalium