Beck, Ludwig

born June 29, 1880, Biebrich, Ger.
died July 20, 1944, Berlin

German general.

After serving with the army general staff in World War I, he was later chief of the general staff (1935–38). He opposed Adolf Hitler's occupation of the Rhineland and resigned to protest the decision to conquer Czechoslovakia. He helped plan the unsuccessful July Plot to assassinate Hitler; when it failed, Beck committed suicide.

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▪ German general
born June 29, 1880, Biebrich, Germany
died July 20, 1944, Berlin

      German general who, as chief of the army general staff (1935–38), opposed Adolf Hitler (Hitler, Adolf)'s expansionist policies and who was a central figure in the unsuccessful July Plot to assassinate Hitler in 1944.

      Beck was trained as an artillery officer and distinguished himself as a staff officer in World War I. During the interwar years he received a number of artillery commands and wrote a well-received manual of military tactics. After Hitler came to power, Beck rose rapidly, becoming chief of the elite general staff in 1935, but he resigned in 1938 after protesting the decision to conquer Czechoslovakia and after failing to organize army opposition to Hitler. He became the recognized leader of the conspirators against Hitler and was seen as a possible president of Germany with Hitler out of the way. After the failure of the plot to kill Hitler on July 20, 1944, Beck attempted suicide, receiving the coup de grâce from an attending sergeant.

Additional Reading
Robert O'Neill, “Fritsch, Beck, and the Fuhrer,” in Correlli Barnett (ed.), Hitler's Generals (1989), pp. 19–41, covers Beck's role in World War II and provides a chronology of his life. Klaus-Jürgen Müller, The Army, Politics, and Society in Germany, 1933–45 (1987; originally published in German, 1979), examines opposition to Hitler among the military elite.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Beck, Ludwig — (29 jun. 1880, Biebrich, Alemania–20 jul. 1944, Berlín). General alemán. Después de prestar servicios en el estado mayor general del ejército en la primera guerra mundial, llegó más tarde a la jefatura del mismo (1935–38). Se opuso a la ocupación …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ludwig August Theodor Beck — Ludwig Beck, 1937 Ludwig August Theodor Beck (* 29. Juni 1880 in Biebrich; † 20. Juli 1944 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Generaloberst, der sich am versuchten Staatsstreich vom 20. Juli 1944 gegen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Ludwig — Ludwig, Emil Ludwig, Karl Friedrich Ludwig, Otto * * * (as used in expressions) Beck, Ludwig Beethoven, Ludwig van Boltzmann, Ludwig (Eduard) Erhard, Ludwig Feuerbach, Ludwig (Andreas) Fraenkel Conrat, Heinz L(udwig) Frege, (Friedrich Ludwig)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ludwig Beck — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Beck. Ludwig Beck Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ludwig — /lud wig, lood vig, wig/; Ger. /looht vikh, loohd /, n. 1. Emil /ay meel/, (Emil Cohn), 1881 1948, German biographer. 2. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning famous warrior. * * * (as used in expressions) Beck Ludwig Beethoven Ludwig… …   Universalium

  • Ludwig Beck (General) — Ludwig Beck, 1937 Ludwig August Theodor Beck (* 29. Juni 1880 in Biebrich; † 21. Juli 1944[1] in Berlin) war ein deutscher Heeresoffizier (seit 1938 Generaloberst …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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