Beauharnais, Eugène de

born Sept. 3, 1781, Paris, France
died Feb. 21, 1824, Munich, Bavaria

French administrator and general.

Son of Joséphine and Alexandre, viscount de Beauharnais, he became a useful military aide to his stepfather, Napoleon. In 1804 he received the title of prince and was appointed archchancellor of state. He was named Napoleon's viceroy in Italy (1805), where he reorganized public finances, built roads, and introduced the French legal system. As commander of the Italian army, he fought admirably in various conflicts. In 1814 he held out in Italy against the Austrians and the Neapolitans but was forced to conclude an armistice. He retired to the Bavarian court of his wife's family.

* * *

▪ French soldier and viceroy
born Sept. 3, 1781, Paris, France
died Feb. 21, 1824, Munich, Bavaria [now in Germany]
 soldier, prince of the French First Empire, and viceroy of Italy for Napoleon I, who was his stepfather (from 1796) and adoptive father (from 1806).

      His father, the general Alexandre, Viscount de Beauharnais, was guillotined on June 23, 1794. The marriage of the general's widow, Joséphine Tascher de La Pagerie, to Napoleon Bonaparte on March 9, 1796, was at first resented by Eugène and his sister Hortense, but their stepfather proved kind and genuinely interested in their welfare. Eugène in turn was a useful military aide to Napoleon, particularly in the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire (Nov. 9, 1799) and the victory over the Austrians at Marengo (June 14, 1800). In 1804 Eugène received the title of prince and was appointed archchancellor of state.

      In 1805, when Napoleon proclaimed himself king of Italy, Eugène became his viceroy there. He reorganized public finances and the civil service, built roads, and introduced the French legal system.

      In the war against Austria in 1809, Eugène, as commander of the Italian army, won an important victory at Raab (Györ) and fought well at Wagram. He also distinguished himself in Russia in 1812 and in Germany the following year. In 1814 he held out as long as possible in Italy against the Austrians and the Neapolitans, resisting their attempts to induce him to desert Napoleon. Finally, however, he had to conclude the armistice of Schiarino-Rizzino (April 16, 1814). He then retired to Munich, to the court of the Bavarian king Maximilian I, whose daughter Amelia Augusta he had married in 1806 and who gave Eugène the title of Duke von Leuchtenberg.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Beauharnais, Eugène de — (1781 1834)    prince, general    The son of Alexandre Beauharnais and Joséphine Tacher de la Pagerie, and brother of hortense de beauharnais, Eugène de Beauharnais was born in Paris and was later adopted by Napoléon Bonaparte (see Napoléon I)… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Beauharnais, Eugène de — (3 sep. 1781, París, Francia–21 feb. 1824, Munich, Baviera). Político y general francés. Hijo de Josefina y Alexandre de Beauharnais, prestó valiosos servicios militares a su padrastro, Napoleón I. En 1804 recibió el título de príncipe y fue… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BEAUHARNAIS, EUGENE DE —    son of the preceding and of Joséphine, born at Paris, step son of Napoleon, therefore was made viceroy of Italy; took an active part in the wars of the empire; died at Münich, whither he retired after the fall of Napoleon (1781 1824) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Eugène de Beauharnais — Duke of Leuchtenberg and Prince of Eichstätt French Prince Prince of Venice and Viceroy of Italy Hereditary Grand Duke of Frankfurt Eugène Beauharnais, portrait by Andrea Appiani, 1810 …   Wikipedia

  • Eugene de Beauharnais — Eugène de Beauharnais Pour les articles homonymes, voir Beauharnais. Eugène de Beauharnais Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eugène-Rose de Beauharnais — Eugène de Beauharnais Pour les articles homonymes, voir Beauharnais. Eugène de Beauharnais Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eugene de Beauharnais — Eugène de Beauharnais, Porträt von Andrea Appiani, um 1800 Eugène de Beauharnais, Herzog von Leuchtenberg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eugène-Rose de Beauharnais — Eugène de Beauharnais, Porträt von Andrea Appiani, um 1800 Eugène de Beauharnais, Herzog von Leuchtenberg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eugène Beauharnais — Eugène de Beauharnais, Porträt von Andrea Appiani, um 1800 Eugène de Beauharnais, Herzog von Leuchtenberg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eugène de Beauharnais Prinz Leuchtenberg — Eugène de Beauharnais, Porträt von Andrea Appiani, um 1800 Eugène de Beauharnais, Herzog von Leuchtenberg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.