Bayard, Thomas Francis

born Oct. 29, 1828, Wilmington, Del., U.S.
died Sept. 28, 1898, Dedham, Mass.

U.S. statesman, diplomat, and lawyer.

Born into a prominent political family, he succeeded his father as U.S. senator from Delaware (1869–85). He served as secretary of state (1885–89) and as ambassador to Britain (1893–97), the first U.S. representative to Great Britain to hold that rank. A champion of arbitration, he was critical of the aggressive position of Pres. Grover Cleveland in the dispute with Britain over the Venezuelan boundary (1895).

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▪ United States statesman
born Oct. 29, 1828, Wilmington, Del., U.S.
died Sept. 28, 1898, Dedham, Mass.
 American statesman, diplomat, and lawyer.

      Bayard was a member of a distinguished family. He was directly descended from the French hero the Seigneur de Bayard and from Ann Bayard, a sister of the Dutch governor of New Amsterdam (New York) Peter Stuyvesant. His great-grandfather Richard Bassett (1745–1815) was governor of Delaware; his grandfather James Asheton Bayard (1767–1815) was a prominent Federalist congressman from Delaware and one of the U.S. commissioners who negotiated the Treaty of Ghent with Great Britain that ended the War of 1812; his uncle Richard Henry Bayard (1796–1868) was chief justice of Delaware; and his father, James Asheton Bayard (1799–1880), was a well-known constitutional lawyer. All of the foregoing represented Delaware in the U.S. Senate.

      Bayard's formal education was limited to a few years in an academy in Flushing, N.Y. He did not attend college but in 1848 began the study of law in the office of his father and was admitted to the bar in 1851. He practiced chiefly in Wilmington and served for one year (1853–54) as U.S. attorney for Delaware, an office that his father had held some years earlier. During the sectional crisis of 1860–61 he was instrumental in keeping Delaware in the Union. He served in the U.S. Senate (1869–85), succeeding his father, and was secretary of state in the first administration of President Grover Cleveland (1885–89).

      In 1893 Bayard was appointed ambassador to Great Britain, the first U.S. representative to Great Britain to hold that rank. As a champion of arbitration, he was critical of the aggressive position taken by Cleveland in the dispute with Great Britain over the Venezuelan boundary (1895). His critics thought him too pro-British, and he was censured by the U.S. House of Representatives.

      Because of failing health, Bayard left London in 1897. His son, Thomas Francis Bayard (1868–1942), represented Delaware in the U.S. Senate in the 1920s.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Bayard, Thomas Francis — (29 oct. 1828, Wilmington, Del., EE.UU. –28 sep. 1898, Dedham, Mass.). Estadista, diplomático y abogado estadounidense. Nació en una familia de destacada figuración política y sucedió a su padre como senador por Delaware (1869–85). Se desempeñó… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thomas Francis Bayard — Thomas F. Bayard Thomas Francis Bayard, Sr. (* 29. Oktober 1828 in Wilmington, Delaware; † 29. September 1898 in Dedham, Massachusetts) war ein prominenter Bürger und Politiker der Demokratischen Partei der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Francis Bayard — Thomas Francis Bayard. Thomas Francis Bayard (29 de octubre, 1828, Wilmington, Delaware 28 de septiembre, 1898, Dedham, Massachusetts) fue un abogado, estadista y …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thomas Francis Bayard — may refer to*Thomas F. Bayard, Sr. (1828 1898), politician from U.S. state of Delaware *Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. (1868 1942), politician from U.S. state of Delawareee alsoThere are also other Thomas Bayards in the Bayard family history …   Wikipedia

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  • Thomas F. Bayard — Thomas Francis Bayard Sr. (* 29. Oktober 1828 in Wilmington, Delaware; † 29. September 1898 in Dedham, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Politi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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