Bay of Pigs invasion
- (April 17, 1961) Abortive invasion of Cuba directed by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency and carried out by Cuban exiles.The invasion was intended to spark a rebellion that would topple Fidel Castro, whose communist regime was considered a threat to U.S. interests in the region. The invasion began with the bombing of Cuban military bases; two days later a force of about 1,500 landed at several sites along the coast, including the Bay of Pigs. The rebellion never materialized, the invasion force was quickly defeated, and more than 1,100 men were imprisoned. The result was a huge propaganda victory for Castro and a severe embarrassment for the administration of U.S. president John F. Kennedy.
* * *▪ Cuban-United States history(April 17, 1961), abortive invasion of Cuba at the Bahía de Cochinos (Bay of Pigs), or Playa Girón (Girón Beach) to Cubans, on the southwestern coast by some 1,500 Cuban exiles opposed to Fidel Castro (Castro, Fidel). The invasion was financed and directed by the U.S. government.Within six months of Castro's overthrow of Fulgencio Batista's dictatorship in Cuba (January 1959), relations between Castro's government and the United States began to deteriorate. The new Cuban government confiscated private property (much of it owned by North American interests), sent agents to initiate revolutions in several Latin-American countries, and established diplomatic and economic ties with leading socialist powers. Castro himself often and vociferously accused the United States of trying to undermine his government. Several U.S. congressmen and senators, from early 1960, denounced Castro; and by June the Congress had passed legislation enabling President Dwight D. Eisenhower (Eisenhower, Dwight D.) to take retaliatory steps: the United States cut off sugar purchases from Cuba and soon thereafter placed an embargo on all exports to Cuba except food and medicine. In January 1961, Eisenhower, in one of the final acts of his administration, broke diplomatic ties with Cuba.An invasion of Cuba had been planned by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) since May 1960. The wisdom of proceeding with the invasion had been debated within the newly inaugurated administration of President John F. Kennedy (Kennedy, John F.) before it was finally approved and carried out.On April 15, 1961, three U.S.-made airplanes piloted by Cubans bombed Cuban air bases. Two days later the Cubans trained by the United States and using U.S. equipment landed at several sites. The principal landing took place at the Bay of Pigs on the south-central coast. The invasion force was unequal to the strength of Castro's troops, and by April 19 its last stronghold had been captured, along with more than 1,100 men. In the aftermath of the invasion, critics charged the CIA with supplying faulty information to the new president and also noted that, in spite of Kennedy's orders, supporters of Batista were included in the invasion force, whereas members of the noncommunist People's Revolutionary Movement, considered the most capable anti-Castro group, were excluded.The captured members of the invasion force were imprisoned. From May 1961 the Kennedy administration unofficially backed attempts to ransom the prisoners, but the efforts of the Tractors for Freedom Committee, headed by Eleanor Roosevelt (Roosevelt, Eleanor), failed to raise the $28,000,000 needed for heavy-construction equipment demanded by Castro as reparations. The conditions for the ransom changed several times during the next several months; after painstaking negotiations by James B. Donovan, Castro finally agreed to release the prisoners in exchange for $53,000,000 worth of food and medicine. Between December 1962 and July 1965 the survivors were returned to the United States.Some critics thought that the United States had not been aggressive enough in its support of the Bay of Pigs invasion and had left an impression of irresolution, while others later questioned U.S. misjudgment of the Cubans' fighting prowess. The incident was crucial to the development of the Cuban missile crisis of October 1962.
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Bay of Pigs Invasion — Part of the Cold War Map showing the location of the Bay of Pigs … Wikipedia
Bay of Pigs — For the United States invasion at the Bay of Pigs, see Bay of Pigs Invasion. The Bay of Pigs ( es. Bahía de Cochinos, also known as Playa Girón) is an inlet of the Gulf of Cazones on the south coast of Cuba. It is located in the province of… … Wikipedia
Bay of Pigs Museum — The Bay of Pigs Museum is planned to be built in Miami, Florida, USA, commemorating the men of Brigade 2506 and their efforts in the Bay of Pigs Invasion. According to the Bay of Pigs Museum web site, it will be housed in a three story building.… … Wikipedia
Bay of Pigs — Bay′ of Pigs′ n. geg gov a bay of the Caribbean Sea in SW Cuba: site of attempted invasion of Cuba by anti Castro forces April 1961 … From formal English to slang
Bay of Pigs — bay on the SW coast of Cuba: site of an unsuccessful invasion (1961) by exiled Cubans trained & funded by the U.S … English World dictionary
Bay of Pigs — a bay of the Caribbean Sea in SW Cuba: site of attempted invasion of Cuba by anti Castro forces April 1961. Spanish, Bahía de Cochinos. * * * n. an invasion of another nation that results in failure Encyclopedic information: The Bay of Pigs is… … Useful english dictionary
Bay of Pigs — bay in Cuba (site of a failed invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles in 1961) … English contemporary dictionary
Bay of Pigs — a bay of the Caribbean Sea in SW Cuba: site of attempted invasion of Cuba by anti Castro forces April 1961. Spanish, Bahía de Cochinos. * * * … Universalium
Bay of Pigs — noun a bay on the south west coast of western central Cuba; attempted invasion by expatriate, anti Castro Cuban forces backed by the US 1961 … Australian English dictionary
Invasion in der Schweinebucht — Teil von: Kalter Krieg Lage der Schweinebucht (Playa Girón) auf Kuba … Deutsch Wikipedia