Batlle y Ordóñez, José
died Oct. 20, 1929, MontevideoPresident of Uruguay (1903–07, 1911–15).The son of a former president of Uruguay, he was involved in politics from the 1880s. His narrow victory in the 1903 presidential election led to a brief civil war, but when he held new elections in 1905 he won again. He stepped down at the end of his term and was reelected in 1911. He inaugurated labour reforms, limited the profits of foreign-owned businesses, encouraged migration, nationalized and developed public works, ended the death penalty, and protected children born out of wedlock. He is credited with transforming Uruguay into a stable, democratic welfare state.
* * *▪ president of Uruguayborn May 21, 1856, Montevideo, Uruguaydied October 20, 1929, Montevideostatesman who, as president of Uruguay (1903–07 and 1911–15), is generally credited with transforming his country into a stable democratic welfare state.Batlle y Ordóñez was the son of a president of Uruguay (1868–72), General Lorenzo Batlle, and a grandson of José Batlle y Carréo, a leading citizen of colonial Montevideo. He was educated at the University of Montevideo and at the Sorbonne. He began his political career on June 16, 1886, when he founded the newspaper El Día. Shortly thereafter he joined the Colorado Party, one of the two ruling political parties of Uruguay, and in 1890 he started work to transform his party into a nationwide democratic political organization. He was elected to the Uruguayan Chamber of Deputies in 1893 and to the Senate for Montevideo in 1896. He soon became president of the Senate and a member of his party's National Executive Commission. In 1900 he made an unsuccessful bid for the national presidency.Batlle y Ordóñez was elected president in 1903, but by a narrow margin that produced tension with the opposition Blanco Party and led to a civil war in 1904. Batlle y Ordóñez and his followers emerged victorious in 1905, with the Colorado Party in undisputed control of the country. He held honest presidential and legislative elections in 1905, which he and his party won. At the end of his term in 1907, he freely stepped down from the presidency, though he played a role in choosing his party's presidential candidate.After a triumphant tour of Europe, Batlle y Ordóñez was reelected president in 1911 and continued the reforms he had started earlier. During his two periods in office, Batlle y Ordóñez inaugurated labour reforms, limited the profits of foreign-owned businesses, encouraged migration, nationalized and developed public works, ended the death penalty, and protected illegitimate children.At the end of his presidency, fearing the power of a one-man executive, Batlle y Ordóñez sought to reform the Uruguayan constitution by creating a collegiate executive. This effort aroused great opposition throughout the country and even divided his own political party. As a result, a new constitution promulgated in 1919 provided for a bifurcated executive—a president and national executive council—which was considered a defeat for Batlle y Ordóñez. Nevertheless, he agreed to serve as president of the council in 1920 and in 1926. His nephew Luis Batlle Berres (Batlle Berres, Luis) served as president from 1947 to 1951, and his grandnephew Jorge Batlle Ibáñez assumed the presidency in 2000.Additional ReadingThe most important biographies of Batlle are Milton I. Vanger, José Batlle y Ordóñez of Uruguay: The Creator of His Times, 1902–1907 (1963, reprinted 1980), and The Model Country: José Batlle y Ordóñez of Uruguay, 1907–1915 (1980).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Batlle y Ordóñez, José — ► (1856 1929) Político uruguayo. Fue presidente electo de la República en 1903 07 y 1911 15. * * * (21 may. 1856, Montevideo, Uruguay–20 oct. 1929, Montevideo). Presidente de Uruguay (1903–07, 1911–15). Hijo de un anterior presidente de Uruguay,… … Enciclopedia Universal
Batlle y Ordóñez — Batlle y Ordóñez, José … Enciclopedia Universal
José Batlle y Ordóñez — 19º presidente Constitucional de Uruguay … Wikipedia Español
Jose Batlle y Ordonez — José Batlle y Ordóñez Portrait de José Batlle y Ordóñez José Batlle y Ordóñez (né le 21 mai 1856 à Montevideo mort le 20 octobre 1929) est un président de la République d Uruguay. Il a occupé cette fonction à deux reprises. La première fois de… … Wikipédia en Français
José Batlle y Ordóñez (Stadt) — 33.472222222222 55.147222222222 Koordinaten: 33° 28′ S, 55° 9′ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
José Batlle y Ordóñez (ciudad) — Para otros usos de este término, véase José Batlle y Ordóñez (desambiguación). José Batlle y Ordóñez … Wikipedia Español
José Batlle y Ordóñez — Portrait de José Batlle y Ordóñez José Batlle y Ordóñez (né le 21 mai 1856 à Montevideo mort le 20 octobre 1929) est un président de la République d Uruguay. Il a occupé cette fonction à deux reprises. La première fois de 1903 à 1907 (15e… … Wikipédia en Français
José Batlle y Ordóñez — 1900. José Pablo Torcuato Batlle y Ordóñez (* 21. Mai 1856 in Montevideo; † 20. Oktober 1929 ebda.) war ein uruguayischer Journalist und Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
José Batlle y Ordóñez (desambiguación) — José Batlle y Ordóñez puede referir a: José Batlle y Ordóñez, presidente de Uruguay. José Batlle y Ordóñez, localidad uruguaya del departamento de Lavalleja. Central José Batlle y Ordónez, central termoeléctrica ubicada en Montevideo, Uruguay.… … Wikipedia Español
Batlle y Ordóñez — [ batje i ɔr ȓoɲes], José, uruguayischer Politiker, * Montevideo 21. 5. 1856, ✝ ebenda 21. 10. 1929; Sohn des Präsidenten Lorenzo Batlle y Grau (1868 72 im Amt). Batlle y Ordóñez wirkte als Journalist und gründete 1886 die Tageszeitung »El día« … Universal-Lexikon