Bataille, Georges

born Sept. 10, 1897, Billom, France
died July 9, 1962, Paris

French librarian and writer.

He trained as an archivist and worked at the Bibliothèque Nationale and at the Orléans library. He wrote a number of novels under pseudonyms before publishing Le Coupable (1944; Guilty) under his own name. His novels, essays, and poetry show a fascination with eroticism, mysticism, violence, and an ideal of excess and waste. In 1946 he founded the influential literary review Critique, which he edited until his death.

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▪ French author
born Sept. 10, 1897, Billom, France
died July 9, 1962, Paris

      French librarian and writer whose essays, novels, and poetry expressed his fascination with eroticism, mysticism, and the irrational. He viewed excess as a way to gain personal “sovereignty.”

      After training as an archivist at the school of paleography known as the École des Chartes (School of Charters) in Paris, he worked as a librarian and medieval specialist at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris until 1942. In 1951 he became keeper of the Orléans library. He also edited scholarly journals and in 1946 founded an influential literary review, Critique, which he edited until his death.

      His first novel, on sexual excess, was published under a pseudonym, Lord Auch; it appeared in 1928 as Histoire de l'oeil (The Story of the Eye). As Pierre Angélique, another pseudonym, he wrote Madame Edwarda (1937). Le Coupable (1944; Guilty) was the first major literary work published under his own name. La Littérature et le mal (1957; Literature and Evil) and L'Érotisme (1957; Eroticism) followed. He also wrote Lascaux; ou, la naissance de l'art (1955; Lascaux; or, The Birth of Art) and Manet (1955). A novel, Ma Mère (My Mother), was published in 1966.

      The complete works (Oeuvres complètes) of Bataille, published between 1970 and 1988, occupy 12 volumes.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Bataille, Georges — (1897 1962)    writer    Born in Billom, Puy de Dôme, Georges Bataille, persuaded that authentic literature must be Promethean, sought to put that principle into all his work. A convert to Catholicism, then to Marxism, he was drawn to sociology… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Bataille, Georges — ► (1897 1962). Novelista y ensayista francés. Influyó en los escritores franceses de entreguerras. Obras: Experiencia interior (1943), El cura C. (1950). * * * (10 sep. 1897, Billom, Francia–9 jul. 1962, París). Escritor y bibliotecario francés.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bataille, Georges —   (1897 1962)   see accursed share , excess , gift , gnosticism , modernity , obscene , radical alterity and symbolic exchange …   The Baudrillard dictionary

  • Bataille — Bataille, Georges …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • bataille — [ bataj ] n. f. • 1080; bas lat. battalia « escrime », de battuere « battre » 1 ♦ Action de deux armées qui se livrent combat. ⇒ combat, guerre; 1. action, opération. Bataille terrestre, navale, aérienne. La bataille de Stalingrad. Livrer… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Georges Henri Rivière — (* 5. Juni 1897 in Paris; † 24. März 1985 in Louveciennes) war ein französischer Ethnologe und Museologe. Er hat neue Ideen in der Museumspraxis in Frankreich realisiert und gilt als der Begründer der Ecomuseen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bataille De Dettingen — George II à la bataille de Dettingen Informations générales Date 27 juin 1743 Lieu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges Bataille — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bataille (homonymie). Georges Bataille Portrait de Georges Bataille Nom de naissance Georges Albert Maurice Victor Bataille Surnom …   Wikipédia en Français

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