Barthes, Roland (Gérard)

born Nov. 12, 1915, Cherbourg, France
died March 25, 1980, Paris

French social and literary critic.

His early books examined the arbitrariness of the constructs of language and applied similar analyses to popular-culture phenomena. He analyzed mass culture in Mythologies (1957). On Racine (1963) set off a literary furor, pitting him against more traditional French literary scholars. His later contributions to semiotics included the even more radical S/Z (1970); The Empire of Signs (1970), his study of Japan; and other significant works that brought his theories wide (if belated) attention in the 1970s and helped establish structuralism as one of the leading intellectual movements of the 20th century. In 1976 he became the first person to hold the chair of literary semiology at the Collège de France.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Barthes, Roland (Gérard) — (12 nov. 1915, Cherburgo, Francia–25 mar. 1980, París). Semiólogo y crítico literario francés. En sus primeros libros examinó las arbitrariedades de los constructos lingüísticos e hizo un análisis en este mismo sentido de los fenómenos de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Barthes, Roland — ▪ French critic in full  Roland Gérard Barthes   born Nov. 12, 1915, Cherbourg, France died March 25, 1980, Paris       French essayist and social and literary critic whose writings on semiotics, the formal study of symbols and signs pioneered by …   Universalium

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