- born Oct. 25, 1913, Bad Godesberg, Ger.died Sept. 25, 1991, Lyon, FranceNazi leader.As head of the Gestapo in Lyon, France (1942–44), he pursued members of the French Resistance and promoted the torture and execution of thousands of prisoners. After World War II he was seized by U.S. authorities in Germany, who recruited him for counterintelligence work (1947–51) and then moved him and his family to Bolivia. He lived there as a businessman from 1951 until he was extradited to France in 1983 to stand trial. Throughout his trial "the Butcher of Lyon" remained unrepentant and proud of his service to the Nazis. Held responsible for the death of some 4,000 persons and the deportation of some 7,500 others, he was sentenced to life imprisonment.
* * *▪ Nazi leaderbyname Butcher of Lyonborn October 25, 1913, Bad Godesberg, Germanydied September 25, 1991, Lyon, FranceNazi (Nazi Party) leader, head of the Gestapo in Lyon from 1942 to 1944, who was held responsible for the death of some 4,000 persons and the deportation of some 7,500 others.Barbie was a member of the Hitler Youth and in 1935 joined the Sicherheitsdienst (SD; “Security Service”), a special branch of the SS. After German forces overran western Europe in World War II, Barbie served in The Netherlands and then, in 1942, was made chief of Gestapo Department IV in Lyon. (The SD was closely related to the Gestapo, and personnel were frequently transferred from one to the other.) In this position he became especially active against French partisans, promoting the torture and execution of thousands of prisoners. He personally tortured prisoners whom he interrogated. Among the more specific charges against him were that he ordered the death of French Resistance leader Jean Moulin (Moulin, Jean) and the deportation of 44 Jewish children (aged 3–13) and their five teachers, all of whom later were delivered to the Auschwitz extermination camp.After the war Barbie was seized by American authorities, who recruited him (1947–51) for counterintelligence work and then spirited him and his family out of Germany to Bolivia (actions for which the U.S. government later officially apologized to France). Beginning in 1951, he lived as a businessman under the name Klaus Altmann in Bolivia, where Nazi hunter Beate Klarsfeld (Klarsfeld, Beate and Serge) tracked him down in 1972. After long negotiations, the Bolivian government extradited him to France in February 1983 to stand trial. (He had twice been sentenced in absentia to death by a postwar French military tribunal.) In 1987 Barbie, who remained unrepentant and proud of his wartime service, went on trial in Lyon and was convicted of “crimes against humanity,” for which he was sentenced to life imprisonment. Four years later, he died in prison.
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Barbie, Klaus — (1905–1987) The infamous “butcher of Lyon” was a Gestapo official in Lyon, France, where he was responsible for the execution of at least 4,000 persons, including Jean Moulin, the head of the French resistance. In addition, he ordered the… … Historical dictionary of the Holocaust
Barbie, Klaus — (25 oct. 1913, Bad Godesberg, Alemania–25 sep. 1991, Lyon, Francia). Dirigente nazi. Como jefe de la Gestapo en Lyon, Francia (1942–44), persiguió a los miembros de la Resistencia francesa y fue responsable de la tortura y ejecución de miles de… … Enciclopedia Universal
Klaus Altmann — Klaus Barbie Klaus Barbie Surnom « Le boucher de Lyon » Naissance 25 octobre 1913 Bad Godesberg, Allemagne Décès … Wikipédia en Français
Klaus Barbie — Surnom « Le boucher de Lyon » Naissance 25 octobre 1913 Bad Godesberg … Wikipédia en Français
Klaus Barbie — Barbie during the war years. Born October 25, 1913(1913 10 25) Godesberg, Prussia, German Empire Died … Wikipedia
Klaus Barbie — en la segunda guerra Mundial Hauptsturmführer Apodo El carnicero de Lyon … Wikipedia Español
BARBIE, NIKOLAUS (Klaus), TRIAL OF — BARBIE, NIKOLAUS ( Klaus ), TRIAL OF, trial in Lyons, France, of SS Hauptsturmfuehrer (captain) Klaus Barbie (b. 1913). Known as the Butcher of Lyons for his wartime activities in France, Barbie joined the Nazi Party in 1932 and in 1935 became… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
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