born Sept. 28, 1871, Grazzano Monferrato, Italydied Nov. 1, 1956, Grazzano BadoglioItalian general and politician.An army officer, he served as chief of the general staff in 1919–21 and again in 1925–28 and was made a field marshal in 1926. He governed Libya (1928–34) and commanded the Italian forces in Ethiopia (1935–36). In 1940 he resigned as chief of staff in disagreement with Benito Mussolini, and in 1943 he helped organize Mussolini's downfall. As prime minister (1943–44), Badoglio extricated Italy from World War II by arranging for an armistice with the Allies.
* * *▪ Italian general and statesmanborn September 28, 1871, Grazzano Monferrato, Italydied November 1, 1956, Grazzano Badoglio, formerly Grazzano Monferratogeneral and statesman during the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini (1922–43). In September 1943 he extricated Italy from World War II by arranging an armistice with the Allies.Badoglio entered the Italian Army in 1890 as an artillery officer and fought in the Ethiopian campaign of 1896 and in the Italo-Turkish War (1911–12). In World War I he distinguished himself by planning and directing the capture of Monte Sabotino on August 6, 1916. Although his forces suffered defeat in the Battle of Caporetto on October 24, 1917, he emerged from the war a high-ranking general and conducted the armistice talks for the Italians. He was chief of the Italian general staff from 1919 to 1921. Initially lukewarm to Mussolini (Mussolini, Benito), Badoglio remained outside of politics for one year after the march on Rome (1922). He then served briefly as ambassador to Brazil before Mussolini named him chief of staff once again on May 4, 1925. He was made a field marshal on May 26, 1926.He governed Libya from 1928 to 1934, with the title of marquis of Sabotino. He assumed command of the Italian forces in Ethiopia in 1935 and captured Addis Ababa, the capital, where he remained for a short time in 1936 as viceroy of Ethiopia. He later received the title of duke of Addis Ababa.In 1940 he differed with Mussolini over Italy's preparations for entering World War II. On December 4, 1940, in the midst of Italy's disastrous campaign in Greece, he resigned as chief of staff and disavowed responsibility for Mussolini's acts. It is not clear, however, whether his objections were tied to concerns over morals or military strategy. In any case, upon the downfall of Mussolini (July 25, 1943), which he had been instrumental in organizing, Badoglio became prime minister; he arranged for an armistice with the Allies on September 3. On September 8 Italy's unconditional surrender to the Allies was announced. Badoglio dissolved the Fascist Party, and on October 13 Italy declared war on Nazi Germany. In June 1944 he resigned to allow the formation of a new cabinet in liberated Rome and retired to his familial home in Grazzano Badoglio.
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Badoglio, Pietro — (1871–1956) Despite a lengthy military career, Pietro Badoglio is chiefly remembered today for negotiating Italy’s surrender in September 1943. Badoglio’s early battle honors were earned during Italy’s colonial wars. During World War I, he was … Historical Dictionary of modern Italy
Badoglio, Pietro — ► (1871 1956) Político y militar italiano. Formó gobierno en 1943 y lo presidió en Sicilia hasta 1944. * * * (28 sep. 1871, Grazzano Monferrato, Italia–1 nov. 1956, Grazzano Badoglio). General y político italiano. Oficial de ejército, fue jefe… … Enciclopedia Universal
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Badoglio — Pietro Badoglio (* 28. September 1871 in Grazzano Monferrato, heute Grazzano Badoglio, Piemont; † 1. November 1956 ebenda) war ein italienischer Marschall und Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Siehe auch 3 Literatur … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Badoglio — Pietro Badoglio Pietro Badoglio Pietro Badoglio, né le 28 septembre 1871 à Grazzano Monferrato (Piémont) où il est mort le 1er novembre 1956, est un militaire et homme politique … Wikipédia en Français
BADOGLIO (P.) — BADOGLIO PIETRO (1871 1956) maréchal italien Officier d’artillerie, Pietro Badoglio prend part à la campagne d’Afrique (1896 1897) puis sert dans l’état major, au cours de la guerre de Libye. Quand éclate le premier conflit mondial, il est… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Badoglio — (Pietro) (1871 1956) maréchal italien. Gouverneur de Libye (1928 1933), vice roi d éthiopie (1938), chef du gouv. après la chute de Mussolini (1943), il rangea l Italie aux côtés des Alliés … Encyclopédie Universelle