Floor covering produced at the village of Aubusson in central France.A centre for the production of tapestries and furniture coverings since the 16th century, Aubusson was granted the title of Royal Manufactory in 1665. In 1743 workshops were established to manufacture pile carpets for the nobility, and soon thereafter carpets were being produced in the flat-woven tapestry technique in floral and chinoiserie patterns. In the 19th–20th centuries the name Aubusson became synonymous with a flat-woven French carpet.
* * *floor covering, usually of considerable size, handwoven at the villages of Aubusson and Felletin, in the département of Creuse in central France. Workshops were established in 1743 to manufacture pile carpets primarily for the nobility, to whom the Savonnerie (Savonnerie carpet) court production was not available. Aubusson carpets were, however, also made for the royal residences. Soon after the production of carpets began at Aubusson, the pileless tapestry technique previously in use in this district was adopted for so many of the carpets that the word Aubusson has become synonymous with a flat-woven French carpet, and it is not generally realized that piled rugs in numbers have been made there.Many of the early Aubussons were made in modified Oriental designs, some resembling Ushak (Ushak carpet) medallion carpets. Taste soon changed to a range of Renaissance floral and architectural patterns similar to those in use at the Savonnerie and continued to reflect court and republican fashions up to the modernistic painterly concepts of the 20th century.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Aubusson carpet — /ˌoʊbəsɒn ˈkapət/ (say .ohbuhson kahpuht) noun a fine French carpet with a flat tapestry weave, hand woven in Aubusson, a town in central France … Australian English dictionary
Aubusson — /oh beuh seuhn, sawonn /; Fr. /oh byuu sawonn /, n. an ornate rug constructed in a flat tapestry weave, often in pastel colors. [1960 65; after Aubusson, town in central France where made] * * * ▪ France town, Creuse département, Limousin… … Universalium
carpet — carpetless, adj. carpetlike, adj. /kahr pit/, n. 1. a heavy fabric, commonly of wool or nylon, for covering floors. 2. a covering of this material. 3. any relatively soft surface or covering like a carpet: They walked on the carpet of grass. 4.… … Universalium
Carpet — For other uses, see Carpet (disambiguation). The Azerbaijani carpet, a UNESCO Masterpiece of Intangible Heritage of Humanity … Wikipedia
rug and carpet — Any decorative textile normally made of a thick material and intended as a floor covering. Floor coverings made of plaited rushes date from the 5th or 4th millennium BC. Carpets were first made in central and western Asia as coverings for earthen … Universalium
Ushak carpet — An antique Uşak carpet of a pale red and green tone Uşak carpets, Ushak carpets or Oushak Carpets (Turkish: Uşak Kilimi) are Turkish carpets that use a particular family of designs, called by convention after the city of Uşak, Turkey … Wikipedia
Au|bus|son carpet — Au|bus|son rug or Au|bus|son carpet «oh boo sn», a kind of French rug woven like tapestry. ╂[< Aubusson, a town in central France, where it was originally made] … Useful english dictionary
floor covering — Finish material on floors, including wood strips, parquet, linoleum, vinyl, asphalt tile, rubber, cork, epoxy resins, ceramic tile, and carpeting. Wood strip flooring, attached to a subfloor of plywood, is most popular, especially for residences … Universalium
Belton House — [ Lincolnshire, the south facade.] Belton House is a country house in Belton near Grantham, Lincolnshire, England. coord|52.944|N|0.6228|W|region:GB LIN type:landmark|display=title The mansion is surrounded by formal gardens and a series of… … Wikipedia
John Middleton Murry — For other people with a similar name, see John Murray (disambiguation). For his son who was also a writer, see John Middleton Murry, Jr.. Grave of John Middleton Murry at Thelnetham Church in Suffolk John Middleton Murry (6 August 1889 – 12 March … Wikipedia