Art Institute of Chicago

Museum in Chicago that houses European, American, Asian, African, and pre-Columbian art.

It was established in 1866 as the Chicago Academy of Design and took its current name in 1882. In 1893 it moved to its present building, designed by the architectural firm of Shepley, Rutan, and Coolidge for the World's Columbian Exposition, on Michigan Avenue. The Art Institute, which comprises both a museum and a school, is noted for its extensive collections of 19th-century French painting (Impressionist works and the work of Claude Monet in particular) and 20th-century European and American painting. Among its best-known works are Georges Seurat's A Sunday Afternoon on La Grand Jatte
1884 (1884–86), Grant Wood's American Gothic (1930), and Edward Hopper's Nighthawks (1942).

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      in Chicago, Illinois, U.S., museum of European, American, and Asian sculpture, paintings, prints and drawings, and decorative arts, as well as photography, textiles, arms and armour, and African, pre-Columbian American, and ancient art. The museum contains more than 300,000 works of art and is noted for its extensive collections of 19th-century French painting (Impressionist (Impressionism) works in particular) and 20th-century painting and sculpture.

 It was established in 1866 as the Chicago Academy of Design, was reestablished as the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts in 1879, and took its current name in 1882. In 1893 it moved to its present building, designed by the architectural firm of Shepley, Rutan, and Coolidge for the World's Columbian Exposition. Greeting visitors to the museum are two bronze lions designed by sculptor Edward Kemeys; their “names” are, unofficially, “on the prowl” (north lion) and “stands in an attitude of defiance” (south lion).

      The institute also includes the School of the Art Institute and the Ryerson Library (built 1901; art) and the Burnham Library (founded 1912; architecture), which merged their collections in 1957.

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Universalium. 2010.

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