Arnolfo di Cambio

born с 1245, Colle di Val d'Elsa
died 1301/10, Florence

Italian sculptor and architect active in Florence.

He studied under Nicola Pisano and assisted him on the pulpit for Siena Cathedral (1265–68). In 1277 he went to Rome, where he worked for Charles of Anjou, king of Sicily. He also designed and constructed monuments, including the tomb of Cardinal de Braye in San Domenico, Orvieto. In 1296 Arnolfo returned to Florence to undertake his most important commission, the design of the Duomo (the cathedral of Florence) and the carving of statues for its facade. Other buildings in Florence attributed to him include the Palazzo Vecchio and the church of Santa Croce. The structural and decorative elements of Santa Croce and the Duomo have a unity, balance, and a lightness of movement that demonstrate Arnolfo's complete mastery of the late 13th-century Gothic architectural vocabulary. His works embody the transition between the late Gothic and Renaissance architectural sensibilities

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▪ Italian sculptor and architect

born c. 1245, , Colle di Val d'Elsa [Italy]
died 1301/10, Florence

      Italian sculptor and architect whose works embody the transition between the late Gothic and Renaissance architectural sensibilities.

      Arnolfo studied painting under Cimabue and sculpture under Nicola Pisano (Pisano, Nicola). He served as assistant to Pisano in 1265–68 in the production of the pulpit for the Siena Cathedral. Arnolfo went to Rome in 1277 as the protégé of Charles of Anjou (Charles I), king of Sicily, at which time he may have produced the monument of Cardinal Annibaldi in the Church of San Giovanni in Laterano (now disassembled) and the tomb of Pope Adrian V in the Church of San Francesco, Viterbo. In 1281 he executed a fountain at Perugia, figures from which survive in the National Gallery of Umbria. The following year he constructed a monument to Cardinal de Braye (d. 1282) in San Domenico at Orvieto and subsequently designed altar canopies for San Paolo Fuori le Mura (1285) and Santa Cecilia in Trastevere (1293) in Rome.

      In 1296 Arnolfo returned to Florence to undertake his most important commission, the design of the Duomo (the cathedral of Florence) and the carving of statues for its facade (now in the Museum of the Duomo). Other buildings attributed to him are the Palazzo Vecchio (Palazzo della Signoria), the Church of Santa Croce, and the choir of the Badia (Benedictine abbey).

      The structural and decorative elements of Santa Croce and the Duomo have a unity, balance, and a lightness of movement that demonstrate Arnolfo's complete mastery of the late 13th-century Gothic architectural vocabulary. His sculptures have a strong sense of volume that shows the influence on him of antique Roman models.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Arnolfo di Cambio — • Sometimes called di Lapo, the principal master of Italian Gothic, b. at Florence, about 1232 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Arnolfo di Cambio     Arnolfo di Cambio   …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Arnolfo Di Cambio — Statue d Arnolfo di Cambio, sur la piazza del Duomo, à Florence …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ARNOLFO DI CAMBIO — (1245 env. env. 1302) Sculpteur et architecte italien. Le contrat passé le 29 septembre 1265 entre Nicola Pisano et les «fabriciens» de la cathédrale de Sienne est le premier document où soit mentionné Arnolfo di Colle di Val d’Elsa, fils d’un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Arnolfo di Cambio — [The name Arnolfo di Lapo by which he is mentioned in some sources was an invention by his biographer Giorgio Vasari. See Tomasi, 2007.] (c. 1240 ndash; 1300/1310 [The traditional date of 1302 has been recently discovered to be wrong. See Tomasi …   Wikipedia

  • Arnolfo di Cambĭo — Arnolfo di Cambĭo, ital. Architekt und Bildhauer, geb. um 1232 zu Colle di Val d Esta im Florentinischen, gest. 1310, war ein Schüler des Niccolò Pisano. Seine Hauptwerke sind: die gotische Klosterkirche Santa Croce; der Plan des Domes Santa… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arnolfo di Cambio — Arnolfo di Cambĭo, ital. Architekt, geboren angeblich 1232, gest. 1300 in Florenz, erbaute den Dom (Santa Maria del Fiore) und den Palazzo Vecchio das …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Arnolfo di Cambio — (c. 1245 c. 1310)    Italian architect and sculptor, born in Colle di Val D Elsa, the pupil of Nicola Pisano whom he assisted on the Siena pulpit. Arnolfo left Pisano s studio sometime after 1268, and in 1277 he is recorded in the court of… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

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