known as Doctor Arnolddied June 12, 1842, Rugby, WarwickshireBritish educator.A classical scholar, he became headmaster in 1828 of Rugby School, which was in a state of decline. He revived Rugby by reforming its curriculum, athletics program, and social structure (in the prefect system he introduced, older boys served as house monitors to keep discipline among younger boys), becoming in the process the preeminent figure in British education. In 1841 he was named Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford. In addition to several volumes of sermons, he wrote a three-volume History of Rome (1838–43). He was the father of Matthew Arnold and grandfather of the novelist Mrs. Humphry Ward (1851–1920).Thomas Arnold, detail of an engraving by H. Cousins, 1840, after an oil painting by Thomas PhilipsBy courtesy of the trustees of the British Museum; photograph, J.R. Freeman & Co. Ltd.
* * *▪ British educatorborn June 13, 1795, East Cowes, Isle of Wight, Eng.died June 12, 1842, Rugby, Warwickshireeducator who, as headmaster of Rugby School, had much influence on public school education in England. He was the father of the poet and critic Matthew Arnold.Thomas Arnold was educated at Winchester and at Corpus Christi College, Oxford. He was elected a fellow of Oriel College, Oxford, in 1815. After ordination and marriage he settled at Laleham, Middlesex, in 1819, becoming a tutor to university entrants. During his tenure as Rugby School's headmaster (from 1828 until his death), Arnold gradually raised Rugby to the rank of a great public school.Arnold was not an innovator in teaching method; his aim was to reform Rugby by making it a school for gentlemen. He used prefects more fully than any previous headmaster. Under the prefect system the older boys served as house monitors to keep discipline among the younger boys; this system was adopted in most English secondary schools. The Arnold tradition spread to other schools through Rugby pupils and masters, and many schools established after Arnold's death were modeled on Rugby.Arnold was the author of five volumes of sermons, an edition of Thucydides, and a three-volume history of Rome.Additional ReadingBiographies include Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, The Life and Correspondence of Thomas Arnold, 2 vol. (1840, reprinted 1978); and Joshua Fitch, Thomas and Matthew Arnold and Their Influence on English Education (1897). A sketch of Arnold is included in Lytton Strachey, Eminent Victorians (1918, reissued 1989).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Arnold,Thomas — Arnold, Thomas. 1795 1842. British educator and historian who as headmaster of Rugby School (1827 1842) introduced classes in mathematics, modern languages, and modern history into the classical curriculum. * * * … Universalium
Arnold, Thomas — (1795–1842) Educator. Arnold was educated at the University of Oxford and, after ordination, he became a Fellow of Oriel College. At the age of thirty three, he was appointed Headmaster of Rugby School. He was very involved in the… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Arnold, Thomas — ► (1795 1842) Pedagogo británico. Introdujo notables reformas en el sistema escolar británico. * * * llamado doctor Arnold (13 jun. 1795, East Cowes, islade Wight, Inglaterra–12 jun. 1842, Rugby, Warwickshire). Educador británico. Erudito de los… … Enciclopedia Universal
ARNOLD, THOMAS — head master of Rugby, and professor of Modern History at Oxford; by his moral character and governing faculty effected immense reforms in Rugby School; was liberal in his principles and of a philanthropic spirit; he wrote a History of Rome… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
ARNOLD, Thomas — (1795 1842) ANGLICAN Clergyman and Headmaster of Rugby School. He is famous for his REFORMS of the English public and elite private school system and unique among educational reformers in that his reforms limited social mobility and… … Concise dictionary of Religion
Arnold, Thomas — (1795 1842) Historian, s. of an inland revenue officer in the Isle of Wight, was ed. at Winchester and Oxford, and after some years as a tutor, was, in 1828, appointed Head Master of Rugby. His learning, earnestness, and force of character… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Thomas Arnold (Theologe) — Thomas Arnold (1840) Thomas Arnold (* 13. Juni 1795 in Cowes auf der Isle of Wight; † 12. Juni 1842 in Oxford) war ein englischer Theologe und Pädagoge, der eine für das kirchliche Leben und das Erziehungswesen in England in der … Deutsch Wikipedia
Arnold — Arnold, Benedict Arnold, Gottfried Arnold, Matthew Arnold, Thomas * * * (as used in expressions) Arnold, Benedict Arnold, Henry (Harley) Hap Arnold Arnold, Matthew Arnold, Thomas doctor Arnold Bax, Sir Arnold (Edwar … Enciclopedia Universal
Thomas Arnold — [Thomas Arnold] (1795–1842) ↑headmaster of ↑Rugby School (1828–42). He introduced many changes that influenced the development of ↑public school education in Britain. Matthew … Useful english dictionary
Thomas — Thomas, Albert Thomas, André Antoine Thomas, Ch. L. Ambroise Thomas, Dylan Thomas, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, Theodore * * * (as used in expressions) Adès, Thomas … Enciclopedia Universal