Aras River

or Araks River

River in Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran.

It rises in the mountains south of Erzurum, Turkey, and flows east to join the Kura River in Azerbaijan about 60 mi (95 km) from its mouth. Since a flood in 1897, a separate distributary of the Aras has also emptied into the Caspian Sea. About 570 mi (915 km) long, it forms the boundary between Armenia and Azerbaijan (north) and Turkey and Iran (south). Located on its banks from 180 BC to AD 50 was Armenia's capital, Artaxata.

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river, Asia
Armenian  Araks,  Persian  Rud-e Aras,  Turkish  Aras Nehri,  Greek  Araxes 

      river rising south of Erzurum in the Bingöl Dağları (mountains) of Turkey; it flows eastward, forming for approximately 275 miles (440 km) the international boundary between Armenia and Azerbaijan on the north and Turkey and Iran on the south. Below the eastern boundary of Armenia, the stream emerges into a broad valley and then crosses the Muğan Steppe. After a course of about 665 miles (1,070 km), the Aras joins the Kura (Kür) River (Kura River) in Azerbaijan 75 miles (121 km) from its mouth on the Caspian Sea. Since a flood in 1897, a separate distributary of the Aras (canalized since 1909) has emptied directly into the Caspian.

      The swift-flowing, unnavigable Aras provides most of the sediment forming the Kura-Aras delta. Principal tributaries of the Aras are the Arpa Çayı (Akhuryan), which receives the waters of the Kars River and Lake Çıldır in Turkey, the Hrazdan, draining Lake Sevan (Sevan, Lake) in Armenia, and the Qareh Sū, flowing off the Sabalān Mountains in northeastern Iranian Azerbaijan. On an island in the Aras stood Artaxata, seat of the Artaxiad kings (Armenia) of Armenia from 180 BC to AD 50. Some have held that the Aras River valley was the legendary Garden of Eden (Eden, Garden of).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aras River — Infobox River | river name = Aras caption = Aras River, Nakhichevan, Azerbaijan to the right and Iran to the left. origin = Erzurum Province, Turkey mouth = Kura river basin countries = Turkey, Armenia, Iran, Azerbaijan length = 1,072 kilometers… …   Wikipedia

  • Aras Free Zone — Aras Free Trade Industrial Zone is situated in East Azarbaijan province, in the north west of Iran, adjacent to Autonomous Republic Nakhichivan, Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan. The climate is mild thanks to the Aras River and Arasbaran… …   Wikipedia

  • Aras — may refer to:*ARAS, the Archive for Research in Archetypal Symbolism *Aras Free Zone, an industrial Zone situated in north west of Iran, adjacent to Autonomous Rep. Nakhichivan, Armenia and Rep. Azerbaijan *Aras Corp, a provider of Microsoft… …   Wikipedia

  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • Aras — /ah rahs / for 1; /ar euhs/ for 2, n. 1. Ancient, Araxes. a river in SW Asia, flowing from E Turkey along part of the boundary between NW Iran and Armenia and Azerbaijan into the Kura River. ab. 660 mi. (1065 km) long. 2. Class. Myth. the first… …   Universalium

  • Aras — noun A river that flows in Turkey, Armenia, Iran and Azerbaijan and empties into Kura river …   Wiktionary

  • Aras — A•ras [[t]ɑˈrɑs[/t]] n. geg a river in SW Asia, flowing from E Turkey along part of the boundary between NW Iran and Armenia and Azerbaijan into the Kura River. ab. 660 mi. (1065 km) long Ancient, Araxes …   From formal English to slang

  • Aras — /æˈræs/ (say a ras) noun a river flowing from eastern Turkey along a portion of the border between the north western Iranian region of Azerbaijan and the republic of Azerbaijan into the river Kura. About 1100 km. Ancient, Araxes /əˈræksiz (say uh …   Australian English dictionary

  • Aras — noun a river that rises in northeastern Turkey (near the source of the Euphrates) and flows generally eastward through Armenia to the Caspian Sea; ancient name was Araxes • Syn: ↑Araxes • Instance Hypernyms: ↑river • Part Holonyms: ↑Turkey,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kura River — See Kura for other rivers called Kura. Coordinates: 39°19′32″N 49°20′07″E / 39.32556°N 49.33528°E / 39.32556; 49.33528 …   Wikipedia

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