Antonescu, Ion

born June 15, 1882, Piteşti, Rom.
died June 1, 1946, near Jilava

Romanian general.

He rose in the Romanian army to the rank of general and chief of staff (1934) and later became minister of defense (1937–38). Appointed prime minister in 1940, he established a fascist dictatorship and openly supported the Axis Powers. Initially he won broad support for his domestic reforms and declaration of war against the Soviet Union (1941), but that support eroded. His regime was overthrown in 1944, and he was later executed as a war criminal.

* * *

▪ ruler of Romania
born June 15, 1882, Pitești, Rom.
died June 1, 1946, near Jilava

      Romanian marshal and statesman who became dictator of the pro-German government during World War II.

      After World War I, Antonescu served as military attaché in Paris and in London and, in 1934, as chief of the Romanian general staff. Named minister of defense in 1937, he retained office with the establishment of King Carol II's corporatist dictatorship (1938), only to be dismissed after a few weeks as a sympathizer of the principal Romanian fascist group, the Iron Guard. On the domestic front, he was an anticommunist and an anti-Semite, but he favoured France and Great Britain in international relations.

      Antonescu was appointed prime minister with absolute powers on Sept. 4, 1940, after Romania had one-third of its territory partitioned between Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Soviet Union (June–September 1940). He established a military dictatorship and openly embraced the Axis powers. His “National Legionary State” briefly brought the Iron Guard to power as his partner, but, after a period of Guardist revolutionary and criminal excesses, he suppressed the organization (1941). He at first secured widespread popular support for his domestic reform program and, as Germany's ally, for his declaration of war against the U.S.S.R. (1941) in pursuit of recovering Bessarabia and northern Bukovina. His administration also permitted a certain latitude to opposition critics, and some historians believe it may have been the least servile among the German satellite governments. His popular support gradually eroded, however, as manpower losses mounted on the Russian front. His regime was finally toppled by a coup d'etat in August 1944 led by King Michael; Antonescu subsequently was sentenced to death by the Romanian communist people's court and was executed as a war criminal in 1946.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ANTONESCU, ION° — (1882–1946), Romanian soldier and politician. Following a dispute with King Carol II in 1934, Antonescu resigned his post as chief of staff. When Goga and cuza formed an antisemitic government late in 1937, Antonescu, an antisemite, was appointed …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Antonescu, Ion — ► (1882 1946) Político y militar rumano. Exigió la abdicación del rey Carol, se hizo nombrar Conducator, organizó el país a la manera fascista y se adhirió al Pacto tripartito. * * * (15 jun. 1882, Pitesti, Rumania–1 jun. 1946, cerca de Jilava).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Antonescu — Antonescu, Ion …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ion Antonescu — Mandats Chef de l État Roumain 5  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ion Antonescu — Ion Victor Antonescu Ion Antonescu Primer Ministro de Rumanía …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ion Antonescu — Antonescu redirects here. For other persons with that surname, see Antonescu (surname). Infobox Prime Minister name =Ion Victor Antonescu nationality =Romanian small imagesize = 180px caption = Ion Antonescu, minutes before his execution order =… …   Wikipedia

  • Ion Antonescu — Ion Victor Antonescu (* 15. Juni 1882 in Pitești; † 1. Juni 1946 in Jilava) war ein rumänischer General und Diktator. Von September 1940 bis August 1944 war er unter der Bezeichnung „Staatsführer“ (rumänisch: „Conducătorul statului“)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ANTONESCU, MIHAI° — (1907–1946), Romanian lawyer and politician. In 1940 Antonescu, as minister of justice, formulated several anti Jewish laws. He was the legal representative of ion antonescu (to whom he was unrelated). Upon the outbreak of war with the Soviet… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ANTONESCU (I.) — ANTONESCU ION (1882 1946) Officier et homme politique roumain, Ion Antonescu est né à Pitesti en Transylvanie, qui appartenait alors au royaume de Hongrie. Il participe aux combats de la Première Guerre mondiale comme officier dans l’armée… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ion (name) — Ion was an also an ancient Greek given name, see Ion (mythology) and Ion of Chios. Ion is a common Romanian given name for males. It is equivalent to the English name John and has the same etymology as John , tracing back to a Hebrew name.Another …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.