Andronicus III Palaeologus
born March 25, 1297, Constantinopledied June 15, 1341, ConstantinopleByzantine emperor (1328–41).He forced his grandfather Andronicus II Palaeologus to make him coemperor (1325) and then to abdicate (1328). He relied on John VI Cantacuzenus to reform the courts and rebuild the imperial navy. He ceded control of Macedonia to Serbia (1334) and lost land to the Ottoman Turks in Anatolia, but he regained some Aegean islands from the Genoese and reasserted control of Epirus and Thessaly.
* * *▪ Byzantine emperoralso spelled Andronikos III Palaiologosborn March 25, 1297, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]died June 15, 1341, ConstantinopleByzantine emperor who sought to strengthen the empire during its final period of decline.Andronicus was the grandson of the emperor Andronicus II Palaeologus, but his youthful excesses cost him the favour of his grandfather, and, after he accidentally caused the death of his brother in 1320, the emperor excluded him from the succession. A civil war ensued, with the younger Andronicus enlisting the support of the powerful Byzantine nobility, particularly the wealthy John VI Cantacuzenus; in 1325 Andronicus compelled the old emperor to recognize him as coemperor, with control over the provinces of Thrace and Macedonia. In May 1328, after forcing his grandfather to abdicate and enter a monastery, he became sole ruler.As emperor, he relied heavily on the guidance of Cantacuzenus, who encouraged reform of the law courts and initiated the rebuilding of the imperial navy, which had been neglected in the reign of Andronicus II; Cantacuzenus himself became emperor in 1347. Also under Andronicus III, the Orthodox monasteries took a more active role in both ecclesiastical and civil affairs. In foreign policy Andronicus was forced to recognize Serbian suzerainty over Macedonia (1334) and suffered losses to the Ottoman Turks in Anatolia; but he managed to regain the islands of Chios, Phocaea, and Lesbos from the Genoese with the aid of the rebuilt navy and reasserted imperial control over the separatist Greek states of Epirus and Thessaly.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Andronicus II Palaeologus — born с 1260, Constantinople died Feb. 13, 1332, Constantinople Byzantine emperor (1282–1328). The son of Michael VIII Palaeologus, he was an intellectual and theologian rather than a soldier and statesman, and during his reign the Byzantine… … Universalium
Palaeologus — /pay lee ol euh geuhs/; esp. Brit. /pal ee /, n. family name of Byzantine rulers 1259 1453. * * * (as used in expressions) Andronicus II Palaeologus Andronicus III Palaeologus Constantine XI Palaeologus John V Palaeologus John VIII Palaeologus … Universalium
Andronicus — (as used in expressions) Andronicus I Comnenus Andronicus II Palaeologus Andronicus III Palaeologus * * * … Universalium
III — (as used in expressions) Abd al Rahman III Afonso III Alexander III Amenhotep III Andronicus III Palaeologus Antiochus III Augustus III Cabell Calloway III Casimir III Charles III Christian III … Universalium
Palaeologus family — ▪ Byzantine family Palaeologus also spelled Palaiologos Byzantine family that became prominent in the 11th century, the members of which married into the imperial houses of Comnenus, Ducas, and Angelus. Michael VIII Palaeologus, emperor… … Universalium
John V Palaeologus — born June 18, 1332, Didymoteichon died Feb. 16, 1391, Constantinople Byzantine emperor (1341–91). The son of Andronicus III Palaeologus, he inherited the throne at age nine; John VI Cantacuzenus served as his regent and coemperor (1347–54). After … Universalium
Andronikos III Palaiologos — or Andronicus III Palaeologus (Greek: Ανδρόνικος Γ Παλαιολόγος, Andronikos III Paleologos ; hy. Անդրանիկ Գ Պաղեւողոկ, Antranig Kim Baghevoghog ; March 25, 1297, Constantinople – June 15, 1341, Constantinople) reigned as Byzantine emperor… … Wikipedia
Michael VIII Palaeologus — /pay lee ol euh geuhs, pal ee / 1234 1282, Byzantine ruler 1259 82, first of the Palaeologus emperors. * * * born 1224 or 1225 died Dec. 11, 1282, Thrace Nicaean emperor (1259–61) and Byzantine emperor (1261–82), founder of the Palaeologan… … Universalium
Alexios III Angelos — (Greek: Αλέξιος Γ Άγγελος) (c. 1153 ndash; 1211) was Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203. Early lifeAlexios III Angelos was the second son of Andronicos Angelos and Euphrosyne Castamonitissa. Andronicus was himself a son of Theodora Comnene, the… … Wikipedia
Byzantine Empire — the Eastern Roman Empire after the fall of the Western Empire in A.D. 476. Cap.: Constantinople. * * * Empire, southeastern and southern Europe and western Asia. It began as the city of Byzantium, which had grown from an ancient Greek colony… … Universalium