Anacletus II

orig. Pietro Pierleoni

born , Rome
died Jan. 25, 1138, Rome

Antipope (1130–38).

Named a cardinal at Rome in 1116, he was elected pope by a majority of cardinals in 1130, while a minority created a schism by choosing Innocent II. Anacletus forced the rival pope to flee to France, where Innocent was supported by a church council and, especially, by Bernard of Clairvaux. Innocent's supporters, including the Holy Roman and Byzantine emperors, invaded Italy in an unsuccessful effort to restore him. A second expedition in 1136 eroded support for Anacletus, who died before the issue was resolved by the submission of his successor to Innocent.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anacletus II — • The title which was taken by Cardinal Pietro Pierleone at the contested papal election of the year 1130 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Anacletus II     Anacletus II      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Anaclētus — Anaclētus, s. Anakletus …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Anaclētus — Anaclētus, Name von zwei Päpsten: 1) A. I., auch Cletus, der Heilige, war von 76–88 (7) dritter Bischof von Rom als Nachfolger des Linus und soll unter Domitian den Märtyrertod erlitten haben. – 2) A. II., vorher Petrus Leonis, aus der von reich… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Anacletus (II) — ▪ antipope original name  Pietro Pierleoni  born , Rome [Italy] died Jan. 25, 1138, Rome       antipope from 1130 to 1138 whose claims to the papacy against Pope Innocent II are still supported by some scholars. After study in Paris, he became a… …   Universalium

  • ANACLETUS — I. ANACLETUS Antipapa, tempore Innocentii II. a Rogerio Neapol. et Siciliae Rege defensus, excommunicavit Innocentium, ab eo vicissim excommunicatus. Ei post 8. ann. mortuo, A. C. 1138. substitutus est ab asseclis Victor IV. paulo post iterum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Anacletus, S. — S. Anacletus, Papa, M. (13. Juli). Griech. Ἀνάϰλητος = der Zurückberufene, wieder zum Dienste Aufgeforderte. – Der hl. Papst Anaklet, ein geborner Athenienser, war der Nachfolger des hl. Clemens, und regierte die Kirche nach Einigen 9 Jahre und… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Anacletus — /an euh klee teuhs/, n. fl. 1st century A.D., pope 76 88. Also called Cletus. * * * …   Universalium

  • Anacletus — /an euh klee teuhs/, n. fl. 1st century A.D., pope 76 88. Also called Cletus …   Useful english dictionary

  • ANACLETUS II, PETER PIERLEONE° — (c. 1090–1137), in the official church view an anti pope, outside the apostolic succession. His great grandfather Benedict (originally probably Baruch), adopted Christianity and married a Christian noblewoman of Roman lineage. The family eponym,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Anacletus, Pope Saint — • Third pope, a martyr, d. about 91. May be the same person as Pope St. Cletus Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

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