Allende (Gossens), Salvador

born July 26, 1908, Valparaiso, Chile
died Sept. 11, 1973, Santiago

Socialist president of Chile (1970–73).

Of upper-middle-class background, Allende took a degree in medicine and in 1933 helped found Chile's Socialist Party. He ran for president unsuccessfully three times before winning narrowly in 1970. He attempted to restructure Chilean society along socialist lines while retaining democracy, civil liberties, and due process of law, but his efforts to redistribute wealth resulted in stagnant production, food shortages, rising inflation, and widespread strikes. His inability to control his radical supporters further alienated the middle class. His policies dried up foreign credit and led to a covert campaign by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency to destabilize the government. He was overthrown in a violent military coup, during which he died by gunshot, reportedly self-inflicted. He was replaced by Gen. Augusto Pinochet. See also Eduardo Frei.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Allende Gossens, Salvador — (1908–1973)    President of Chile (1970–1973). Allende Gossens was a physician, a socialist leader, and the first government official to attempt Marxist reforms in a democracy. He was born into an upper middle class family in Valparaíso on 26… …   Historical Dictionary of the “Dirty Wars”

  • Allende Gossens, Salvador — (1908–1973)    Marxist president of Chile from 1970 to1973 and founder of the Chilean Socialist Party, he died in the course of a United States Central Intelligence Agency backed coup against his government. He was born in Santiago and before his …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Allende Gossens,Salvador — Al·len·de Gos·sens (ä yĕnʹdĕ gōʹsĕns), Salvador. 1908 1973. Chilean politician who as president (1970 1973) was considered the first democratically elected Marxist head of government. He was killed in a coup d état. * * * …   Universalium

  • Allende (Gossens), Salvador — (26 jul. 1908, Valparaíso, Chile–11 sep. 1973, Santiago). Presidente socialista de Chile (1970–73). Nacido en la clase media alta, se tituló de médico y, en 1933, participó en la fundación del Partido Socialista de Chile. Fue candidato a la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Salvador Allende Gossens — Salvador Allende Pour les articles homonymes, voir Allende. Salvador Allende …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Salvador Allende Gossens — [salbaˈdoɾ aˈʎende ˈgosens] (* 26. Juni 1908 in Valparaíso; † 11. September 1973 in Santiago de Chile) war promovierter Arzt und von 1970 bis 1973 Präsident Chiles. Allendes Präsidentschaft war der Versuch, auf demokratischem Wege eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allende Gossens — (izg. aljénde gòsens), Salvador (1908 1973) DEFINICIJA čileanski lijevo orijentirani političar i predsjednik (od 1970), ubijen u vojnom puču što ga je predvodio A. Pinochet …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Allende Gossens — Allende Gọssens   [a jende ], Salvador, chilenischer Politiker, * Valparaíso 26. 7. 1908, ✝ Santiago de Chile 11. 9. 1973, Onkel von Isabel Allende; Arzt; seit 1943 Generalsekretär des Partido Socialista (PS, deutsch: Sozialistische Partei),… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Allende Gossens — biographical name Salvador 1908 1973 Chilean Marxist; president of Chile (1970 73) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Allende Gossens — /ah yen de gaw sens/ Salvador, 1908 73, Chilean political leader: president 1970 73. * * * …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.