Allbutt, Sir Thomas Clifford

born July 20, 1836, Dewsbury, Yorkshire, Eng.
died Feb. 22, 1925, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire

English physician.

He introduced the modern clinical thermometer (the thermometer had previously been a foot-long instrument that required 20 minutes to register temperature) and outlined the use of the ophthalmoscope to inspect the interior of the eye. He demonstrated the aortic origin of angina pectoris. His investigations improved treatment of arterial diseases and resulted in, among other works, Diseases of the Arteries (1915). His chief publication was Systems of Medicine (8 vol., 1896–99).

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▪ British physician and inventor
born July 20, 1836, Dewsbury, Yorkshire, Eng.
died Feb. 22, 1925, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
 English physician, the inventor of the short clinical thermometer. His investigations also led to the improved treatment of arterial diseases.

      During a 28-year practice in Leeds, Allbutt made valuable clinical studies, primarily of arterial and nervous disorders. In 1866 he introduced the modern clinical thermometer, a welcome alternative to the foot-long instrument that required 20 minutes to register a patient's temperature. In 1871 he published a monograph outlining use of the ophthalmoscope (used to inspect the interior of the eye) as a diagnostic instrument. In 1892 Allbutt became regius professor of physic at the University of Cambridge, where he spent the rest of his career. Continuing his previous work, he postulated that the painful heart condition angina pectoris originates in the aorta (1894).

      Allbutt was also a noted medical historian. Two of his most important publications were Diseases of the Arteries, Including Angina Pectoris (1915) and Greek Medicine in Rome (1921). He also edited A System of Medicine, 8 vol. (1896–99). He was knighted in 1907.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Allbutt, Sir Thomas Clifford — (20 jul. 1836, Dewsbury, Yorkshire, Inglaterra–22 feb. 1925, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire). Médico inglés. Introdujo el termómetro clínico moderno (hasta entonces el termómetro había sido un instrumento de 30 cm de largo que tardaba 20 minutos en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thomas Clifford Allbutt — Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt (nacido el 20 de julio de 1836 en Dewsbury, Yorkshire, muerto el 22 de febrero de 1925, en Cambridge, Cambridgeshire) fue un físico británico inventor del termómetro clínico. Antes de esta invención los pacientes… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thomas Clifford Allbutt — Born July 20, 1836 …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Clifford Allbutt — Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt (* 20. Juli 1836 in Dewsbury, West Yorkshire, England; † 22. Februar 1925 in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England) war ein englischer Arzt. Er erfand 1867 das kurze Fieberthermometer, welches mit einer Länge von rund… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas — Thomas, Albert Thomas, André Antoine Thomas, Ch. L. Ambroise Thomas, Dylan Thomas, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, Theodore * * * (as used in expressions) Adès, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

  • Thomas — /tom euhs/ for 1, 2, 4 14; /taw mah / for 3, n. 1. an apostle who demanded proof of Christ s Resurrection. John 20:24 29. 2. Augustus, 1857 1934, U.S. playwright, journalist, and actor. 3. (Charles Louis) Ambroise /shannrddl lwee ahonn brddwannz… …   Universalium

  • sir — (Voz inglesa.) ► sustantivo masculino Tratamiento honorífico empleado por los británicos. * * * sir (ingl.; pronunc. [ser]) m. *Tratamiento de respeto usado en Inglaterra delante de un nombre de hombre o para dirigirse a la persona de que se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Clifford — (as used in expressions) Allbutt, Sir Thomas Clifford Brown, Clifford Geertz, Clifford (James) Joseph Clifford Montana, Jr. Odets, Clifford …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Clifford — /klif euhrd/, n. 1. William Kingdon /king deuhn/, 1845 79, English mathematician and philosopher. 2. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Allbutt Sir Thomas Clifford Brown Clifford Geertz Clifford James Odets Clifford * * * …   Universalium

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