Alien and Sedition Acts
- Four laws passed by the U.S. Congress in 1798, in anticipation of war with France.The acts, precipitated by the XYZ Affair, restricted aliens and curtailed press criticism of the government. Aimed at French and Irish immigrants (who were mostly pro-France), they increased the waiting period for naturalization and authorized expulsion of aliens considered dangerous. The Alien and Sedition Acts were opposed by Thomas Jefferson and others and helped propel Jefferson to the presidency. They were repealed or had expired by 1802.
* * *▪ American history(1798), four internal security laws passed by the U.S. Congress, restricting aliens and curtailing the excesses of an unrestrained press, in anticipation of an expected war with France. After the XYZ Affair (1797), war appeared inevitable. Federalists, aware that French military successes in Europe had been greatly facilitated by political dissidents in invaded countries, sought to prevent such subversion in the United States and adopted the Alien and Sedition Acts as part of a series of military preparedness measures.The three alien laws, passed in June and July, were aimed at French and Irish immigrants, who were mostly pro-French. These laws raised the waiting period for naturalization from 5 to 14 years, permitted the detention of subjects of an enemy nation, and authorized the chief executive to expel any alien he considered dangerous. The Sedition Act (July 14) banned the publishing of false or malicious writings against the government and the inciting of opposition to any act of Congress or the president—practices already forbidden in some cases by state libel statutes and the common law but not by federal law. The federal act reduced the oppressiveness of procedures in prosecuting such offenses but provided for federal enforcement.The acts were mild compared with later wartime security measures in the United States, and they were not unpopular in some places. Jeffersonian Republicans (Democratic-Republican Party) vigorously opposed them, however, as drastic curtailments of liberty in the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, which the other state legislatures either ignored or denounced as subversive. Only one alien was deported, but there were 25 prosecutions, resulting in 10 convictions, under the Sedition Act. With the war threat passing and the Republicans winning control of the federal government in 1800, all the Alien and Sedition Acts expired or were repealed during the next two years.
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Alien and Sedition Acts — The Alien and Sedition Acts were four bills passed in 1798 by the Federalists in the United States Congress who were waging an undeclared naval war with France, later known as the Quasi War and signed into law by President John Adams. Proponents… … Wikipedia
Alien and Sedition Acts — Die Alien and Sedition Acts von 1798 Die Alien and Sedition Acts waren vier vom Kongress der Vereinigten Staaten 1798 verabschiedete und von John Adams unterzeichnete Gesetze, die unter anderem die Privilegien des Präsidenten gegenüber Ausländern … Deutsch Wikipedia
Alien and Sedition Acts — Le texte de la loi. Les Alien and Sedition Acts (en français: « Lois sur les étrangers et la sédition ») sont quatre lois qui furent présentées en 1798 par les Fédéralistes au Congrès des États Unis, lors d une guerre navale avec la… … Wikipédia en Français
alien and sedition laws — Acts of Congress of July 6 and July 14, 1798, which made it a criminal offense to utter or publish any false, scandalous and malicious writings against the federal government with intent to defame it, or bring it into contempt or disrepute or to… … Black's law dictionary
sedition — se·di·tion /si di shən/ n [Latin seditio, literally, separation, from sed apart + itio act of going, from ire to go]: the crime of creating a revolt, disturbance, or violence against lawful civil authority with the intent to cause its overthrow… … Law dictionary
Sedition Act — may refer to:*Alien and Sedition Acts, including the Sedition Act of 1798, laws passed by the United States Congress *Sedition Act of 1918, also passed by the United States Congress *Sedition Act (Malaysia), a law in Malaysia *Sedition Act… … Wikipedia
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Sedition — This is about the law term. For other uses see Sedition (disambiguation) Sedition is a term of law which refers to covert conduct, such as speech and organization, that is deemed by the legal authority as tending toward insurrection against the… … Wikipedia
Sedition Act of 1918 — The Sedition Act of 1918 was an amendment to the Espionage Act of 1917 passed at the urging of President Woodrow Wilson, who was concerned that dissent, in time of war, was a significant threat to morale. The passing of this act forbade Americans … Wikipedia
sedition — /si dish euhn/, n. 1. incitement of discontent or rebellion against a government. 2. any action, esp. in speech or writing, promoting such discontent or rebellion. 3. Archaic. rebellious disorder. [1325 75; < L sedition (s. of seditio), equiv. to … Universalium