- Alfasi, Isaac ben Jacob
born 1013, near Fès, Mor.died 1103, Lucena, SpainMoroccan Jewish scholar.He spent most of his life in Fès, but in 1088 he was denounced to the government and was obliged to flee to Spain. He became head of the Jewish community in Lucena and established a noted Talmudic academy, provoking a rebirth of Talmudic study in Spain. His codification of the Talmud, Sefer ha-Halakhot ("Book of Laws"), deals with Halakhah (Hebrew law) and ranks with the works of Maimonides and Karo. It was crucial in establishing the primacy of the Babylonian Talmud over the Palestinian Talmud.
* * *▪ Jewish scholarAlfasi also spelled al-Phasi, also called Rabbi Isaac Fasi, or (by acronym) Rifborn 1013, near Fès, Moroccodied 1103, Lucena, SpainTalmudic scholar who wrote a codification of the Talmud known as Sefer ha-Halakhot (“Book of Laws”), which ranks with the great codes of Maimonides and Karo.Alfasi lived most of his life in Fès (from which his surname was derived) and there wrote his digest of the Talmud, the rabbinical compendium of law, lore, and commentary. In 1088 two of his enemies denounced him to the government on an unknown charge. He fled to Spain, where, in Lucena, he became head of the Jewish community and established a noted Talmudic academy. Alfasi provoked a rebirth of Talmudic (Talmud and Midrash) study in Spain, and his influence was instrumental in changing the centre of such studies from the Eastern to the Western world.His codification deals with the Talmud's legal aspects, or Halakha (Halakhah) (Hebrew Law), including civil, criminal, and religious law. It omits all homiletical passages as well as portions relating to religious duties practicable only in Palestine. He performed a great service by concentrating on the actual text, which had been neglected. His commentaries summarize the thought of the geonim who presided over the two great Jewish academies in Babylonia between the middle of the 7th and the end of the 13th century. In addition, his work played a major role in establishing the primacy of the Babylonian Talmud, as edited and revised by three generations of ancient sages, over the Palestinian Talmud, the final compilation of which had been interrupted by external pressures. Alfasi's Sefer ha-Halakhot is still important in yeshiva studies.
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ALFASI, ISAAC BEN JACOB — (known as Rif; 1013–1103), author of the most important code prior to the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides. In a sense, Alfasi brought the geonic period to a close. The last of the Babylonian geonim, Hai Gaon, died when Alfasi was 25 years old. Alfasi … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Alfasi, Isaac ben-Jacob — (1013–1103) Spanish talmudic scholar. Alfasi was sometimes called Rif from the initials of Rabbi Isaac Fasi. He was born at Kal’at Hammad in North Africa, now in Algeria, and after studying in Kairouan, settled in Fez, in northern Morocco. The … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Alfasi, Isaac ben Jacob — (1013, cerca de Fez, Marruecos–1103, Lucena, España). Eminente talmudista judío marroquí. Pasó la mayor parte de su vida en Fez, pero en 1088 fue denunciado ante el gobierno y se vio obligado a huir a España. Se convirtió en el jefe de la… … Enciclopedia Universal
Alfasi, Isaac ben Jacob (Rif) — (1013 1103) North African talmudist. He lived in Fez. He was the author of a code of Jewish law, Sepher ha Halakhot, the most important code before the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Isaac ben Jacob Alfassi — Yitshak ben Yaakov Hacohen Alfasi (1013–1103), également appelé Ri f (רי ף, acronyme de Rav Itshak AlFasi), était un rabbin médiéval, décisionnaire halakhique, originaire de Fès, au Maroc. Son grand œuvre, le Sefer HaHalakhot (ספר ההלכות) est… … Wikipédia en Français
ISAAC BEN SAMUEL OF DAMPIERRE — (usually referred to by the initial letters of his name as Ri (initials of R abbi I saac) or Ri the Elder, or Ri of Dampierre, d. c. 1185), one of the most important of the tosafists and leading authority of Franco German Jewry in the second half … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ISAAC BEN ABBA MARI OF MARSEILLES — (1120?–1190?), rabbinical scholar in Provence and Spain. Isaac studied under his father, abba mari b. isaac , and when only 17 years of age composed a work on the laws of sheḥitah and forbidden foods, at his father s behest. Later he went to… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Luria, Isaac ben Solomon — born 1534, Jerusalem died Aug. 5, 1572, Safed, Syria Jewish mystic and founder of a school of Kabbala. He was brought up in Egypt, where he pursued rabbinic studies. He dedicated himself to the study of the Kabbala with messianic fervour, and in… … Universalium
Nissim ben Jacob — (Hebrew: ניסים בן יעקב, also known as Rav Nissim Gaon or in Hebrew: רבנו נסים, lit. Nissim our teacher; 990–1062), was a rabbi best known today for his Talmudic commentary ha Mafteach, by which title he is also known. Contents 1 Biography 2 Works … Wikipedia
IBN SAHL, JOSEPH (Abu-ʿAmr) BEN JACOB — IBN SAHL, JOSEPH (Abu [b]ʿAmr[/b]) BEN JACOB (d. c. 1124), Spanish Hebrew halakhist and poet. Descended from an aristocratic family, Joseph is described by Moses Ibn Ezra as one of the most distinguished disciples of Isaac Ibn Ghayyāt of Lucena.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism