Alemán, Mateo

(baptized Sept. 28, 1547, Sevilla, Spain
died с 1614, Mexico) Spanish novelist.

Descended from Jews who had been forcibly converted to Roman Catholicism, he expressed many aspects of the experiences and feelings of the New Christians in 16th-century Spain. His most important literary work is Guzmán de Alfarache (1599, 1604), one of the earliest picaresque novels, which brought him fame throughout Europe but little profit.

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▪ Spanish author
baptized September 28, 1547, Sevilla, Spain
died c. 1614, Mexico

      novelist, a master stylist best known for his early, highly popular picaresque novel, Guzmán de Alfarache.

      Descended from Jews who had been forcibly converted to Catholicism, Alemán expressed many aspects of the experiences and feelings of the New Christians in 16th-century Spain. His most important literary work, Guzmán de Alfarache (1599; a second part, 1604; Eng. trans., The Spanish Rogue, 1622, 1924), which brought him fame throughout Europe but little profit, is one of the earliest picaresque (picaresque novel) novels. The first part ran through many editions, almost all pirated; even before he could finish the second part, a spurious sequel had appeared. Alemán's life, in many ways like that of his protagonist, Guzmán, was afflicted with severe economic and personal reverses. He was the son of a prison doctor and studied medicine at Salamanca and Alcalá for four years after graduating from the University of Sevilla (Seville) in 1564, but he never practiced. In 1580 he was imprisoned for debt. Only after he emigrated to Mexico in 1608 did his fortunes become settled and his life stable.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ALEMÁN, MATEO — (1547–c. 1615), Spanish novelist of New Christian descent. He studied medicine at Salamanca and Alcalá. Always poverty stricken, he was several times imprisoned for debt. conversos were forbidden to leave Spain, but Alemán secured permission by… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALEMAN, Mateo — (1547 c. 1615) Mateo Aleman was one of the great novelists of the Spanish Golden Age, primarily known for his picaresque novel Guzman de Alfarache (1597) and for the biography San Antonio de Padua (1604). Aleman was the son of a doctor assigned… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

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  • Mateo Alemán — (in deutsch meist: Mateo Aleman) (* 1547 in Sevilla; † um 1613 in Mexiko) war ein spanischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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