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Alain

(as used in expressions)
Lesage Alain René
Resnais Alain
Robbe Grillet Alain

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▪ French philosopher
pseudonym of  Émile-auguste Chartier  
born March 3, 1868, Mortagne, Fr.
died June 2, 1951, Le Vésinet, near Paris

      French philosopher whose work profoundly influenced several generations of readers.

      Graduating in philosophy, he taught at lycées in a number of towns, including Rouen, where he became involved in politics and began contributing a daily short article of 600 words to a Radical newspaper. The high literary quality of these articles soon attracted attention and they were collected and published (1908) in a book that came to be regarded as a classic. Appointed to teach philosophy at the Lycée Henri Quatre, in Paris, Alain became the mentor of most of the teachers of philosophy of the next generation in France. In defiance of public opinion he foretold and denounced World War I; on its outbreak, however, he enlisted in the artillery. Refusing promotion, he spent the whole war in the ranks; and it was in the front line or in battery telephonists' dugouts that he wrote Mars, ou la guerre jugée (1921; Mars; or, The Truth About War, 1930), Quatre-vingt-un Chapîtres sur l'esprit et les passions (1917), and Système des beaux-arts (1920). Later he resumed his post at the Lycée Henri Quatre. His most important publications over the ensuing years were Les Idées et les âges (1927), Entretiens au bord de la mer (1931), Idées (1932), Les Dieux (1934), Histoire de mes pensées (1936), and Les Aventures de coeur (1945). When age and painful disease made it impossible for him to teach any longer, he retired to a little house in the neighbourhood of Paris, where his disciples could visit him. In 1951 he was awarded the Grand Prix National de Littérature, of which he was the first recipient; this was the only honour that he accepted.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ALAIN — Philosophe et écrivain, Alain se fit connaître en son temps comme journaliste et comme professeur. Il demeure dans l’histoire littéraire le créateur d’un genre particulier, exigeant et exigu: le propos, forme applicable à tout contenu soumettant… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alain — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstag 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alain — puede significar también la abreviatura botánica de Hermano Alain. Alain, pseudónimo de Émile Auguste Chartier, fue un filósofo, periodista y profesor francés, nacido en Mortagne au Perche, el 3 de marzo de 1868 y fallecido en Le Vésinet el 2 de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alain — is a surname, and may refer to * Jehan Alain (1911 1940), French organist and composer * Phil Alain (born 1968), Canadian painterAlain is also widely used as a personal name and is the French form of Alan: * Alain Chabat, French actor and film… …   Wikipedia

  • ALAIN (J.) — ALAIN JEHAN (1911 1940) Fils de l’organiste Albert Alain, Jehan Alain apprend la musique, comme le feront ses frère et sœur plus jeunes (Olivier, compositeur, et Marie Claire, organiste), sous le regard de son père, à la tribune de l’orgue de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alain —   [a lɛ̃],    1) [a l eigentlich Émile Chartier [ʃar tje], französischer Philosoph und Schriftsteller, * Mortagne au Perche (Département Orne) 3. 3. 1868, ✝ Le Vésinet (heute im Département Yvelines) 2. 6. 1951; Professor in Paris (am Lycée Henri …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Alain — (spr. aläng), s. Alanus ab Insulis …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alain — (spr. aläng), s. Alanus ab Insulis …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alain — m French form of ALAN (SEE Alan), which originated in Brittany and is now common in all parts of France …   First names dictionary

  • Alain — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Alain », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

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