orig. Shmuel Yosef Halevi Czaczkesdied Feb. 17, 1970, Reḥovot, IsraelIsraeli writer.Born into a Polish Galician family, Agnon settled in Palestine in 1907 and chose Hebrew as his literary language. The Day Before Yesterday (1945), perhaps his greatest novel, examines the problem facing the Westernized Jew who immigrates to Israel. Other works include the novels The Bridal Canopy (1919) and A Guest for the Night (1938). He is regarded as one of the greatest modern Hebrew novelists and short-story writers. In 1966 he and Nelly Sachs shared the Nobel Prize for Literature.
* * *▪ Israeli authorin full Shmuel Yosef Agnon , pseudonym of Shmuel Yosef Halevi Czaczkesborn July 17, 1888, Buczacz, Galicia, Austria-Hungary [now Buchach, Ukraine]died Feb. 17, 1970, Reḥovot, IsraelIsraeli writer who was one of the leading modern Hebrew novelists and short-story writers. In 1966 he was the corecipient, with Nelly Sachs (Sachs, Nelly), of the Nobel Prize for Literature.Born of a family of Polish Jewish merchants, rabbis, and scholars, Agnon wrote at first (1903–06) in Yiddish and Hebrew, under his own name and various pseudonyms. Soon after settling in Palestine in 1907, however, he took the surname Agnon and chose Hebrew as the language in which to unfold his dramatic, visionary, highly polished narratives.Agnon's real literary debut was made with Agunot (1908; “Forsaken Wives”), his first “Palestinian” story. His first major work was the novel Hakhnasat kalah, 2 vol. (1919; The Bridal Canopy). Its hero, Reb Yudel Hasid, is the embodiment of every wandering, drifting Jew in the ghettos of the tsarist and Austro-Hungarian empires. His second novel, Ore'aḥ Nataʿ Lalun (1938; A Guest for the Night), describes the material and moral decay of European Jewry after World War I. His third and perhaps greatest novel, ʿTmol shilshom (1945; “The Day Before Yesterday”), examines the problems facing the westernized Jew who immigrates to Israel. This is neither a realistic story (like some of the early tales) nor a symbolic autobiography, yet it can be understood only in the light of Agnon's own actual and spiritual experience.All Agnon's works are the final result of innumerable Proust-like revisions, as is shown by the many manuscripts in existence and by the variety of the printed texts. Already there are two widely different versions of his collected works, one in 11 volumes (Kol sipurav shel Shmuel Yosef Agnon, vol. 1–6, Berlin, 1931–35; 7–11, Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, 1939–52) and one in 8 volumes (Tel Aviv, 1953–62). The archaic structure of his prose presents great difficulties for the translator, yet even in translation his power is unmistakable.Agnon edited an anthology of folktales inspired by the High Holidays of the Jewish year, Yamim nora'im (1938; Days of Awe, 1948), and a selection of famous rabbinic texts, Sefer, sofer, vesipur (1938). An autobiographical sketch appeared in 1958. Translations of his works include In the Heart of the Seas (1948; Bi-levav yamim) and Two Tales (1966; Edo ve-Enam).Additional ReadingCritical studies of Agnon's writing include Arnold J. Band, Nostalgia and Nightmare: A Study in the Fiction of S.Y. Agnon (1968); Baruch Hochman, The Fiction of S.Y. Agnon (1970); Harold Fisch, S.Y. Agnon (1975); David Aberbach, At the Handles of the Lock: Themes in the Fiction of S.Y. Agnon (1984); Anne Golomb Hoffman, Between Exile and Return: S.Y. Agnon and the Drama of Writing (1991); and Nitza Ben-Dov, Agnon's Art of Indirection (1993).
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AGNON (S. J.) — L’œuvre de l’écrivain israélien Agnon, couronnée par le prix Nobel de littérature, en 1966, est l’une des plus représentatives de la littérature hébraïque moderne, dont elle incarne la prodigieuse aventure artistique et spirituelle. Rédigée, en… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Agnon — Agnon, aus Teos, Feldherr u. Günstling Alexanders d. Gr., ließ seine Schuhe mit goldenen Nägeln beschlagen … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Agnon — Agnon, Samuel Josep … Enciclopedia Universal
Agnon — (Samuel Joseph Tchatchkes, dit) (1888 1970) écrivain israélien de langues yiddish et hébraïque; chantre du sionisme et du hassidisme. P. Nobel 1966 … Encyclopédie Universelle
AGNOn — fil. Niciae, fame cum exercitu se dedere coactus, in bello Potid. Thucyd. l. 2 … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Agnon — Samuel Josef Agnon Samuel Josef Agnon (hebräisch שמואל יוסף עגנון Schemu el Josef Agnon; eigentlich Samuel Josef Czaczkes; * 17. Juli 1888 in Buczacz, Galizien, heute Ukraine; † 17. Februar 1970 in Rechowot bei Tel Aviv) gilt als einer der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Agnon — This article is about the ancient Greek rhetorician; for the Hebrew nobel prize laureate writer, see Shmuel Yosef Agnon. Agnon was an ancient Greek Greek rhetorician,Citation | last = Schmitz | first = Leonhard | author link = | contribution =… … Wikipedia
AGNON — I. AGNON Niciae fil. Samiô bellô, quando a Pericle insul. devicta est, dux fuit. Bellô Peloponnesiacô contra Potidaeam cum validis copiis profectus, morbi vi inde, irritô inceptô, abscedere coactus est. Hic Amphipolin condidit. Sed cum postea in… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Agnon, S.Y. — orig. Shmuel Yosef Halevi Czaczkes (17 jul. 1888, Buczacz, Galitzia, Austria Hungría–17 feb. 1970, ReFONT face=Tahomaḥovot, Israel). Escritor israelí. Nació en una familia de la Galitzia polaca, Agnon se radicó en Palestina en 1907 y optó por el… … Enciclopedia Universal
Agnon — Shmuel Yosef Agnon pseudonym of Samuef Josef Czaczkes … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games