Adi Granth

(Punjabi: "First Book") Sacred scripture of Sikhism.

Composed of nearly 6,000 hymns of the Sikh Gurus and Hindu and Islamic saints, it is the central object of worship in all gurdwaras (temples). It is ritually opened and closed daily and is read continuously on special occasions. First compiled in 1604 by Arjan, it included his own hymns and those of his predecessors and the devotional songs of saints. In 1704 the last Guru, Gobind Singh, added more hymns and decreed that after his death the Granth would take the place of the Guru. Written mostly in Punjabi or Hindi, it contains the Mul Mantra (basic prayer), Japji (the most important scripture, written by Nanak), and hymns arranged according to the ragas in which they are to be sung.

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▪ Sikh sacred scripture
 (Punjabi: “First Book”), the sacred scripture of Sikhism, a religion of India. The book (also known as Granth, or Granth Sahib [“The Granth Personified”]) is a collection of nearly 6,000 hymns of the Sikh Gurūs (religious leaders) and various early and medieval saints of different religions and castes.

      The Ādi Granth is the central object of worship in all gurdwārās (Sikh temples) and is accorded the reverence paid a living Gurū. It is ritually opened in the morning and wrapped up and put away for the night. On special occasions continuous readings of it are held, which last from 2 to 15 days. On the birthdays of the Gurūs or anniversaries commemorating Sikh martyrs, the Granth is sometimes taken out in procession.

      The first version of the book was compiled by the fifth Sikh Gurū, Arjun (Arjan), at Amritsar in AD 1604. He included his own hymns and those of his predecessors, the Gurūs Nānak, Aṅgad, Amar Dās, and Rām Dās, and a selection of devotional songs of both Hindu and Islāmic saints (notably the poet Kabīr). In AD 1704 the tenth and last Gurū, Gobind Singh, added the hymns of his predecessor, Gurū Tegh Bahādur (the sixth, seventh, and eighth Gurūs did not write hymns), and enjoined that after his own death the Granth would take the place of the Gurū. The book opens with the Mūl Mantra (basic prayer), which is a declaration of the nature of God as Truth, followed by the Japjī (Recital), the most important Sikh scripture, written by the founder of the Sikh religion, Gurū Nānak. The hymns are arranged according to the musical modes (ragas) in which they are to be sung. The language is mostly Punjabi or Hindi, interspersed with Marathi, Persian, and Arabic words.

      After the death of Gurū Gobind Singh his hymns and other writings were compiled into a book known as the Dasam Granth (q.v.).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adi Granth — (or Aad Granth, literally the first book ) is the early compilation of the Sikh Scriptures by Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the fifth Sikh Guru, in 1604. This Granth ( book ) is the Holy Scripture of the Sikhs. The tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh… …   Wikipedia

  • Adi-Granth — /u dhēˈgruntˈ/ noun Another name for the ↑Granth ORIGIN: Hindi, the first scripture …   Useful english dictionary

  • Adi Granth — Adi Granth, Religionsbuch der Sikhs (s.d.) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Adi Granth — Sri Guru Granth Sahib (Panjabi: ਸ਼੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਗਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਜੀ) (auch Adi Granth, Ur Buch) ist die heilige Schrift der Sikhs. Das Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji ist der letzte und ewige Guru der Sikhs . Er ist in der Gurmukhi Schrift geschrieben und hat 1430 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adi Granth — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Adi Granth — Guru Granth Sahib Le Gurû Granth Sahib est le livre saint des Sikhs, qui le considèrent comme leur Gurû (ou maître spirituel). Ses 1430 pages furent compilées en 1604 par Gurû Arjan (5e successeur de Gurû Nanak): il prend alors le nom d Âdi… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adi Granth — (panjabi: El primer libro o también El libro del Señor). Sagrada escritura del sijismo. Compuesto por cerca de 6.000 himnos de gurúes (ver gurú) sijs y santos islámicos e hindúes, es el objeto principal de culto en todas las gurdwaras (templos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adi Granth — /adi ˈgrant/ (say ahdee grahnt) noun → Guru Granth Sahib …   Australian English dictionary

  • Adi Granth — noun the principal sacred text of Sikhism contains hymns and poetry as well as the teachings of the first five gurus • Syn: ↑Granth, ↑Granth Sahib • Topics: ↑Sikhism • Instance Hypernyms: ↑sacred text, ↑sacred writing, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Adi Granth —    See Sikhism …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

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