{ʽ}Abbās I

I
born 1813
died July 13, 1854, Banhā, Egypt

Viceroy of Egypt (1848–54) under the Ottoman Empire.

His rule was one of consolidation, when many of the Western-style reforms begun by his grandfather, Muhammad Alī, were either discontinued or neglected. Though generally distrusting of foreigners, he allowed the British to construct a railroad between Alexandria and Cairo in 1851. The British, in turn, assisted him in disputes with his Ottoman overlords, whom he nonetheless aided by sending troops to fight in the Crimean War (1853). A recluse, he was murdered by two servants at his palace in Banhā.
II
known as ʽAbbās the Great

born Jan. 27, 1571
died Jan. 19, 1629

Shah of Persia (1587–1629).

Succeeding his father, Muḥammad Shah, he strengthened the Safavid dynasty by expelling Ottoman and Uzbek troops and creating a standing army. ʽAbbās made Esfahan Persia's capital, and under him it became one of the world's most beautiful cities. Persian artistic achievement reached a high point during his reign; illuminated manuscripts, ceramics, and painting all flourished, and the Portuguese, Dutch, and English competed for trade relations with Persia. Tolerant in public life (he granted privileges to Christian groups) and concerned for his people's welfare, his fear for his personal security led him to act ruthlessly against his immediate family.

ʽAbbās I, detail of a painting by the Mughal school of Jahāngīr, с ...

Courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution, Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Abbas I. — Abbas ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Abbas (* 1944), iranisch französischer Fotojournalist Abbas I. (1813–1854), Vizekönig von Ägypten, genannt „Hilmi“ Abbas I. (1571–1629), persischer Herrscher, genannt „der Große“ Abbas II. (1633–1667),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abbas II. — Abbas ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Abbas (* 1944), iranisch französischer Fotojournalist Abbas I. (1813–1854), Vizekönig von Ägypten, genannt „Hilmi“ Abbas I. (1571–1629), persischer Herrscher, genannt „der Große“ Abbas II. (1633–1667),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abbas — Abbas, Abbás o Abás puede referirse a: Personas Abás el Grande (1571 1629), shah de Irán. Abbas I (1813 1854), wali de Egipto. Abbas II Hilmi (1874 1944), jedive de Egipto. Abbas II de Persia (1632? 1666?), shah de Persia. Abbas al Musawi (1952… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abbas — steht für: Abbas (Familienname), der Familienname Abbas Abbas (Vorname), der Vorname Abbas Bandar Abbas, Hauptstadt der Provinz Hormozgan im Süden des Iran Abul Abbas († 810), weißer Elefant im Besitz von Kaiser Karl dem Großen Cerne Abbas Giant… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abbas — Abbas, Mahmud, llamado Abu Mazen ► Nombre de tres reyes de Persia: el I, llamado el Grande (1587 1629), transformó su país en una primera potencia. El II (1642 67) protegió las artes, y el III (1731 36) fue asesinado por el usurpador de Nadir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ABBAS (F.) — ABBAS FERHAT, ou ‘ABB S FAR ネ T (1899 1985) Fils d’un fonctionnaire de l’administration coloniale, Ferhat Abbas reçoit une éducation française puis devient pharmacien à Sétif. Élu au conseil municipal de cette ville, il l’est ensuite au conseil… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abbas I — may refer to: * Abbas I of Persia, Shah of Persia (born 1571, died 1629) * Abbas I of Egypt, Hereditary Wāli (Governor) of Egypt and Sudan (born 1813, died 1854) * Abbas I of the Mongols, Invader of Iran of the Mongol Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Abbas II — may refer to:* Abbas II of Persia, (1633 1666), Shah of Iran from 1642 to 1666 * Abbas II of Egypt, (also known as Abbas Hilmi Pasha), (1874 – 1944), last Khedive of Egypt and Sudan (1892 – 1914) …   Wikipedia

  • Abbas — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Abbas (homonymie). Abbas ou Abbes (en arabe : عباس) est un prénom arabe et hébreu masculin qui signifie austère, sourcilleux ; il désigne aussi le lion. Ce document provient de « Abbas ». Catégories :… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abbas — (Abbâs) (566 652) oncle et disciple de Mahomet; éponyme de la dynastie des Abbassides. Abbas (Ferhat) (Farhât Abbâs) (1899 1985) homme politique algérien. Auteur du Manifeste du peuple algérien (1943), il fut président du gouvernement provisoire… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abbas — Abbas, Abbes, Abbaci Nom porté par un oncle du prophète Mohammed, ancêtre de la dynastie abbasside. Signifie au visage sévère, c est un des noms du lion ( abbas). Mais on trouve aussi des Abbas, Abbes dans la région niçoise, qui correspondent au… …   Noms de famille

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