Tromelin Island

Tromelin Island

Introduction Tromelin Island
Background: First explored by the French in 1776, the island came under the jurisdiction of Reunion in 1814. At present, it serves as a sea turtle sanctuary and is the site of an important meteorological station. Geography Tromelin Island -
Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Geographic coordinates: 15 52 S, 54 25 E
Map references: Africa
Area: total: 1 sq km water: 0 sq km land: 1 sq km
Area - comparative: about 1.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 3.7 km
Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation exclusive economic zone: 200 NM territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate: tropical
Terrain: low, flat, and sandy
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: unnamed location 7 m
Natural resources: fish
Land use: arable land: 0% permanent crops: 0% other: 100% (scattered bushes) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards: NA Environment - current issues: NA
Geography - note: climatologically important location for forecasting cyclones; wildlife sanctuary People Tromelin Island
Population: uninhabited (July 2002 est.)
Population growth rate: NA Government Tromelin Island
Country name: conventional long form: none conventional short form: Tromelin Island local short form: Ile Tromelin local long form: none
Dependency status: possession of France; administered by a high commissioner of the Republic, resident in Reunion
Legal system: the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Flag description: the flag of France is used Economy Tromelin Island -
Economy - overview: no economic activity Communications Tromelin Island
Communications - note: important meteorological station Transportation Tromelin Island
Waterways: none
Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only
Airports: 1 (2001) Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1 under 914 m: 1 (2001) Military Tromelin Island
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of France Transnational Issues Tromelin Island Disputes - international: claimed by Madagascar and Mauritius

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Universalium. 2010.

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