Zollverein

/tsawl"ferdd uyn'/; Eng. /tsawl"feuh ruyn'/, n.
1. (in the 19th century) a union of German states for the maintenance of a uniform tariff on imports from other countries, and of free trading among themselves.
2. any similar union or arrangement between a number of states; customs union.
[1835-45; < G, equiv. to Zoll custom, duty, tariff + Verein union]

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(German: "Customs Union") Free-trade area throughout much of Germany established in 1834 under Prussian leadership.

The customs union developed from the 1818 Prussian tariff law that abolished internal customs dues and the customs union set up in 1828 in southern Germany by Bavaria and Württemberg. By 1834 other German states had joined, for a total of 18 members; more joined in subsequent years. The Zollverein represented an important step in German unification. See also Friedrich List.

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▪ German customs union
German“Customs Union”

      German customs union established in 1834 under Prussian leadership. It created a free-trade area throughout much of Germany and is often seen as an important step in German reunification.

      The movement to create a free-trade zone in Germany received great impetus from economists such as Friedrich List (List, Friedrich), its most active advocate in early 19th-century Germany. In 1818 Prussia enacted a tariff law abolishing all internal customs dues and announced its willingness to establish free trade with neighbouring states. A decade later Prussia signed the first such pact with Hesse-Darmstadt. In 1828 a customs union was set up in southern Germany by Bavaria and Württemberg, joined in 1829 by the Palatinate; also in 1828 the central German states established a similar union, which included Saxony, the Thuringian states, electoral Hesse, and Nassau. In 1834 these were among the 18 states that joined in the Zollverein. Hanover and Oldenburg joined in 1854; the two Mecklenburgs, Schleswig-Holstein, Lauenburg, and Lübeck joined in 1867; and thereby all Germany outside Austria was included except Hamburg and Bremen, which adhered in 1888, 17 years after the establishment of the German Empire.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Zollverein — steht für: Deutscher Zollverein, handelspolitischer Zusammenschluss deutscher Staaten Verschiedene regionale Vorgängerorganisationen des Deutschen Zollvereins, siehe Preußisch Hessischer Zollverein Mitteldeutscher Handelsverein Süddeutscher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • zollverein — ZOLLVERÉIN s.n. Denumirea germană a uniunii vamale , care a precedat unitatea politică. [pron. ţolferáin] (din germ. Zollverein) Trimis de tavi, 12.05.2004. Sursa: MDN  ZOLLVEREIN s.n. Denumirea germană a uniunii vamale , care a precedat… …   Dicționar Român

  • Zollverein — oll ve*rein , n. [G., from zoll duty + verein union.] Literally, a customs union; specifically, applied to the several customs unions successively formed under the leadership of Prussia among certain German states for establishing liberty of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Zollverein — Zollverein,   Deutscher Zollverein …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Zollverein — (Zollverband), die vertragsmäßige Vereinigung mehrer selbständiger Staaten zu einem einheitlichen Zollsystem mit gemeinsamen Zolleinrichtungen, Zollstellen, Zollaufsichtsbehörden etc. Der Gedanke eines Z s muß sich mit der Zeit überall da bilden …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Zollverein — Zollverein, Zollverband, die vertragsmäßige Vereinigung mehrerer selbständiger Staaten zu einem einheitlichen Zollsystem mit gemeinsamen Zolleinrichtungen, Zollbehörden etc.; insbes. die Vereinigung deutscher Staaten (Deutscher Z.), die sich seit …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Zollverein — Zollverein, Verbindung mehrer Staaten zur gemeinschaftlichen Erhebung der Zölle und zu gleichem Zollsysteme, von Handelsverträgen dadurch unterschieden, daß er nicht einen einzelnen Handelszweig betrifft, sondern den allgemeinen Verkehr u.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Zollverein — (Deutscher) association douanière des états de la Confédération germanique (1834). Elle facilita le développement du commerce et prépara l unité allemande. Le Luxembourg y adhéra en 1842, ce qui favorisa le développement de son économie …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • zollverein — (n.) 1843, German, lit. customs union, from Zoll toll (see TOLL (Cf. toll) (n.)) + Verein union, from vereinen to unite, from ein one …   Etymology dictionary

  • Zollverein — [tsō̂l′fer īn΄] n. [Ger < zoll, custom, duty, TOLL1 + verein, union, association] a customs union formed by the German states during the 19th cent …   English World dictionary

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