Zeno of Citium

/sish"ee euhm/
c340-c265 B.C., Greek philosopher, born in Cyprus. Also called Zeno, Zeno the Stoic.

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born с 335, Citium, Cyprus
died с 263 BC, Athens

Greek philosopher, founder of Stoicism.

He went to Athens с 312 BC and attended lectures by the Cynics Crates of Thebes (fl. late 4th century BC) and Stilpon of Megara (с 380–300 BC), as well as lectures at the Academy. He began to teach in the Stoa Poikile ("Painted Colonnade"), whence the name of his philosophy. His system included logic, epistemology, physics, and ethics. He taught that happiness lies in conforming the will to the divine reason, which governs the universe. In logic and epistemology he was influenced by Antisthenes (с 445–365 BC) and Diodorus Cronus (fl. 4th century BC), in physics by Heracleitus. Only fragmentary quotations from his many treatises have survived.

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▪ Greek philosopher

born c. 335 BC, , Citium, Cyprus
died c. 263, , Athens

      Greek thinker who founded the Stoic school of philosophy, which influenced the development of philosophical and ethical thought in Hellenistic and Roman times.

      He went to Athens c. 312 BC and attended lectures by the Cynic philosophers Crates of Thebes and Stilpon of Megara, in addition to lectures at the Academy. Arriving at his own philosophy, he began to teach in the Stoa Poikile (Painted Colonnade), whence the name of his philosophy. Zeno's philosophical system included logic and theory of knowledge, physics, and ethics—the latter being central. He taught that happiness lay in conforming the will to the divine reason, which governs the universe. In logic and the theory of knowledge he was influenced by Antisthenes and Diodorus Cronus, in physics by Heracleitus. None of his many treatises, written in harsh but forceful Greek, has survived save in fragmentary quotations.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zeno of Citium — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = Ancient philosophy color = #B0C4DE image size = 200px image caption = Zeno of Citium name = Zeno of Citium birth = c. 334 BC, Citium, Cyprus death = c. 262 BC, Athens school tradition =… …   Wikipedia

  • Zeno of Citium — noun ancient Greek philosopher who founded the Stoic school (circa 335 263 BC) • Syn: ↑Zeno • Instance Hypernyms: ↑philosopher * * * /sish ee euhm/ c340 c265 B.C., Greek philosopher, born in Cyprus. Also called Zeno, Zeno the Stoic …   Useful english dictionary

  • Zeno von Citium — Zenon von Kition (* um 333 v. Chr. im Königreich Kition auf Zypern; † 264 v. Chr.) war ein hellenistischer Philosoph und Begründer der Stoa. Zenon war der Sohn eines Kaufmanns und ein Schüler des Kynikers Krates von Theben. Zenon selbst war als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zeno of Citium — (c. 334–262 BC) The founder of Stoicism, Zeno was a Phoenician born on Cyprus, originally a pupil of Crates the Cynic . He turned to Socratic philosophy, and gradually evolved the unified metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics that make up the… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Zeno of Citium — biographical name circa 335 circa 263 B.C. Greek philosopher & founder of Stoic school …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Zeno of Citium — Ze′no of Ci′ti•um [[t]ˈsɪʃ i əm[/t]] n. big c340–c265 b.c., Greek philosopher, born in Cyprus Also called Ze′no the Sto′ic …   From formal English to slang

  • Zeno of Citium — /ˌzinoʊ əv ˈsɪtiəm/ (say .zeenoh uhv siteeuhm) noun c.336–c.264 BC, Greek philosopher and founder of the Stoic school …   Australian English dictionary

  • Zeno — is a Greek name derived from the more ancient variant Zenon. The word may refer to any of the following:PeoplePhilosophers* Zeno of Elea (c.490–c.430 BC), philosopher, follower of Parmenides, famed for his paradoxes . * Zeno of Citium (333 BC 264 …   Wikipedia

  • Zeno — m From the classical Greek name Zēnōn, a short form of any of several names having as their first element Zēn , the stem form of the name of Zeus, king of the gods, for example Zēnodōros ‘gift of Zeus’. Zeno was the name of two major Greek… …   First names dictionary

  • Zeno — [zē′nō] 1. fl. 5th cent. B.C.; Gr. Eleatic philosopher: also Zeno of Elea [ē′lē ə] (town in Italy) 2. 334? 261? B.C.; Gr. philosopher: founder of Stoicism: also Zeno of Citium [sish′ē əm] (city in Cyprus) …   English World dictionary

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