- /zed'i kuy"euh/, n.1. Also, Zidkijah. the last king of Judah. II Kings 24, 25; Jer. 52:1-11.2. a male given name.
* * *▪ king of Judahoriginal name Mattaniahflourished 6th century BCking of Judah (597–587/586 BC) whose reign ended in the Babylonian (Babylonia) destruction of Jerusalem and the deportation of most of the Jews to Babylon.Mattaniah was the son of Josiah and the uncle of Jehoiachin, the reigning king of Judah. In 597 BC the Babylonians under King Nebuchadrezzar (Nebuchadrezzar I) besieged and captured Jerusalem. They deported Jehoiachin to Babylon and made Mattaniah regent under the name Zedekiah. Zedekiah thus held his throne as a vassal under an oath of allegiance to Nebuchadrezzar, but under local pressure he began to intrigue against the latter in concert with the neighbouring states of Moab, Edom, Ammon, Tyre, and Sidon.In the ninth year of Zedekiah's rule a Babylonian army laid siege to Jerusalem after he had conspired to revolt against the Babylonians with Egypt's help. During the siege the prophet Jeremiah (q.v.) urged patient submission to the dominion of the Babylonians, which he regarded as the will of God, but royal officials and Jewish notables denounced him and he was accused of desertion and imprisoned.In the sixth month of the siege a breach was made in the city walls. Zedekiah and his men fled by night toward the Jordan River, but they were soon captured. He and his leaders were taken before King Nebuchadrezzar at Riblah, in Syria, where Zedekiah's sons were slain in his presence and he, a disloyal vassal, was blinded and carried in chains to Babylon, where he was imprisoned until his death. The walls and houses of Jerusalem were destroyed, its temple was sacked and burned, and the people of Judah, except for the poorest of the land, were deported to Babylon. Thus began the Babylonian Exile. Judah lost its status as a kingdom and became a Babylonian province.The story of Zedekiah is told in the Old Testament in the Second Book of Kings, chapters 24 and 25, in the Second Book of Chronicles, chapter 36, and in various passages in the Book of Jeremiah.
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ZEDEKIAH — ZEDEKIAH, the name of several biblical figures. (1) The son of Chenaanah, one of the prophets of Samaria in the time of ahab king of Israel and jehoshaphat king of Judah (I Kings 22; II Chron. 18). Zedekiah appears to have been one of the court… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Zedekiah — Kings of Judah Saul • David • Solomon • Rehoboam • Abijah • Asa • Jehoshaphat • Jehoram • Ahaziah • Athaliah • J(eh)oash • Amaziah • Uzziah/Azariah • Jotham • Ahaz • Hezekiah • Manasseh • Amon • Josiah • Jehoahaz • Jehoiaki … Wikipedia
Zedekiah — Righteousness of Jehovah. 1) The last king of Judah. He was the third son of Josiah, and his mother s name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah, and hence he was the brother of Jehoahaz (2 Kings 23:31; 24:17, 18). His original… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Zedekiah — 1) (Mattaniah) (fl. 6th cent BCE) King of Judah (597 586 BCE), son of Josiah. He was origi nally called Mattaniah, but took the name Zedekiah when he was appointed king by Nebuchadnezzar in succession to Jehoiachin. Initially he refused to… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Zedekiah — The last king of Judah, placed on the throne by the Babylonian conqueror Nebuchadnezzar in 597 BCE (2 Kgs. 24:17). Jeremiah advised him to live and reign under Babylonian rule but he rebelled; Jerusalem was again besieged and captured, and… … Dictionary of the Bible
Zedekiah — Zedekia (hebr. צדקיהו) war der letzte König des Reiches Juda (Südreich) in der Königszeit Israels. Er wurde von König Nebukadnezar II., Großkönig Babylons, zum König eingesetzt, nachdem dieser etwa im Dezember 598 v. Chr. (Monat Kislew) gegen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Zedekiah — /zɛdəˈkaɪə/ (say zeduh kuyuh) noun Old Testament the last king of Judah, whose sons were slain before his eyes, and his eyes then put out … Australian English dictionary
Zedekiah — /zed i kuy euh/, n. 1. Also, Zidkijah. the last king of Judah. II Kings 24, 25; Jer. 52:1 11. 2. a male given name … Useful english dictionary
Zedekiah's Cave — in the early 20th century. Zedekiah s Cave – also known as Solomon s Quarries – is a 5 acre (20,000 m2) underground meleke limestone quarry that runs the length of five city blocks under the Muslim Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. It was… … Wikipedia
Zedekiah ben Abraham Anaw — was an author of Jewish ritualistic works and younger brother of Benjamin ben Abraham Anaw. He lived at Rome in the thirteenth century; received his Talmudic training not only in Rome, but also in Germany, where he was the pupil of R. Jacob of… … Wikipedia