- /yooh"pik/, n.1. a member of any of three groups of Eskimos inhabiting western coastal Alaska from Prince William Sound north to Norton Sound, and St. Lawrence Island and the coast of the Chukchi Peninsula of Siberia.2. any of the Eskimo-Aleut languages spoken by the Yupik.
* * *▪ peoplealso called Yupiit or Western Eskimoindigenous Arctic people (Arctic) traditionally residing in Siberia, Saint Lawrence Island and the Diomede Islands in the Bering Sea and Bering Strait, and Alaska. They are culturally related to the Chukchi and the Inuit, or Eastern Eskimo, of Canada and Greenland.The traditional economic activity of the Yupik was the hunting of sea mammals, especially seals, walrus, and, until the latter half of the 19th century, whales. Trade with the Russians developed at the end of the 19th century. The Yupik also traded with neighbouring reindeer breeders and others. Some enterprising Yupik specialized in trade and used their economic advantage to become village chiefs, with such functions as opening and closing the hunting season, helping to mediate quarrels, and deciding the times for trade journeys. Hunting methods included harpooning from shore or boats, spearing animals in land drives, and, later, the use of guns. Hunting fur-bearing animals, fishing, and collecting plant food were auxiliary activities. Kayaks (kayak) (one-person, closed skin boats), baidarkas (open, flat-bottomed boats), and whaleboats provided coastal transportation; dog teams and sleds were used on land.The Yupik practiced shamanism and believed in benign and harmful spirits; the latter caused various misfortunes, especially illness. Certain animals and birds were (and still are) considered sacred and not to be harmed. Rituals, mainly connected with ensuring future success in hunting and with thanksgiving for past hunts, often included dramatic performances and dances. Women generally played an important part in religious rituals.
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Yupik — Madre yupik con su hijo en 1930. Población total 21.000 Idioma … Wikipedia Español
Yupik — Mutter und Kind, Fotografie von Edward S. Curtis Yupik bezeichnet mehrere Gruppen der Eskimo und deren Sprachen, die auf der russischen Tschuktschen Halbinsel, Südwestalaska und einigen Inseln von etwa 16.000 Menschen gesprochen werden. Die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Yupik — [yo͞o′pik] n. a group of Eskimo languages spoken in areas of Alaska and Siberia adjoining the Bering Strait … English World dictionary
yupik — ˈyüpik noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized : an Eskimo Aleut language of southwestern Alaska … Useful english dictionary
Yupik — Ethnic group group=Yupik poptime=21,000 popplace= flag|USA flag|Russia langs= Yupik languages, English, Russian (in Siberia) rels=Christianity (mostly Russian Orthodox), Shamanism related= Inuit, Sirenik, AleutThe Yupik or, in the Central Alaskan … Wikipedia
Yupik — Yupiks Chamane Yupik guérissant un enfant Les Yupiks (Yup ik au singulier et Yupiit au pluriel en langue Yupik) sont les indigènes qui vivent sur la moitié sud de la côte ouest de l Alaska, spécialement sur le delta Yukon Kuskokwim et le long de… … Wikipédia en Français
Yupik — noun (plural Yupiks or Yupik) Etymology: Central Alaskan Yupik yúppik, literally, authentic person Date: 1951 1. the language of the Eskimo people of southwestern Alaska 2. a member of the Yupik speaking people … New Collegiate Dictionary
Yupik — [ ju:pɪk] noun (plural same or Yupiks) 1》 a member of an Eskimo people of Siberia, the Aleutian Islands, and Alaska. 2》 any of the languages of the Yupik, a division of the Eskimo Aleut family. Origin from Alaskan Yupik Yup ik real person … English new terms dictionary
Yupik — n. member of an aboriginal Eskimo people who inhabit west Alaska and in areas of coastal Siberia (this group is related to the Inuit) n. family of languages spoken by the Yupik people … English contemporary dictionary
Yupik — noun A subbranch of the Eskimo Aleut family of languages. This is the only language family known to straddle both North America and Asia. It is centered squarely in Alaska and is thought to have migrated across to Siberia a few hundred years ago … Wiktionary