Yorktown

/yawrk"town'/, n.
a village in SE Virginia: surrender (October 19, 1781) of Cornwallis to Washington in the American Revolution.

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▪ historical town, Virginia, United States
      historic town, seat (1634) of York county, southeastern Virginia, U.S. It is situated on the south bank of the York River across from Gloucester Point, just east-southeast of Williamsburg. The area around Yorktown was settled in 1630, but the town itself developed after 1691 when a port was authorized by Virginia's General Assembly. Yorktown became a busy shipping centre, and its Colonial Custom House (1706; restored) is regarded as the cradle of the American tariff system. By 1750, however, its commercial role had declined together with the Tidewater Virginia tobacco trade. Yorktown's place in history was assured by the siege (Yorktown, Siege of) and surrender there of British forces under General Lord Cornwallis (Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess and 2nd Earl, Viscount Brome, Baron Cornwallis of Eye) in 1781, an event that virtually assured an American victory in the American Revolution. During the American Civil War Union forces under General George McClellan (McClellan, George B) defeated General John Magruder's Confederate troops in May 1862 and occupied the town.

      Yorktown is now included in Colonial National Historical Park and is one leg of the “Historic Triangle” that includes Jamestown (Jamestown Colony) and Williamsburg. Augustine Moore House (c. 1725), at the edge of the Revolutionary War battlefield (which surrounds the town), was where the “Articles of Capitulation” were drafted (October 18, 1781) prior to their signing the next day in a British redoubt. The reconstructed York County Courthouse (1633), Grace Episcopal Church (1697; used by the British as a powder magazine), Victory Monument (1881; commemorating the American-French alliance), Yorktown National Civil War Cemetery, and the Waterman's Museum (1981) are other points of interest.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yorktown — may refer to:Places in the United States*Yorktown, Arkansas *Yorktown, Illinois *Yorktown, Indiana *Yorktown, Iowa *Yorktown, Kentucky *Yorktown, Maryland *Yorktown, New Jersey *Yorktown, New York **Yorktown Heights, New York, a hamlet in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Yorktown — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den USA: Yorktown (Arkansas) Yorktown (Illinois) Yorktown (Indiana) Yorktown (Iowa) Yorktown (Kentucky) Yorktown (Maryland) Yorktown (New Jersey) Yorktown (New York) Yorktown (Philadelphia) Yorktown (Pennsylvania)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yorktown — Yorktown, IN U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 4785 Housing Units (2000): 1940 Land area (2000): 3.526111 sq. miles (9.132586 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.061384 sq. miles (0.158983 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.587495 sq. miles (9.291569 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Yorktown — Pueblo de los Estados Unidos Vista aérea de Yorktown …   Wikipedia Español

  • Yorktown —   [ jɔːktaʊn], Ort in Virginia, USA, am Ästuar des in die Chesapeakebai mündenden York River.   Geschichte:   1631 gegründet, war Yorktown von 1680 bis zur Amerikanischen Revolution ein bedeutender Hafenplatz.   Im amerikanischen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Yorktown, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 82 Housing Units (2000): 41 Land area (2000): 0.275864 sq. miles (0.714485 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.275864 sq. miles (0.714485 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Yorktown, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 4785 Housing Units (2000): 1940 Land area (2000): 3.526111 sq. miles (9.132586 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.061384 sq. miles (0.158983 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.587495 sq. miles (9.291569 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Yorktown, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 2271 Housing Units (2000): 1048 Land area (2000): 1.722933 sq. miles (4.462375 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.722933 sq. miles (4.462375 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Yorktown, VA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Virginia Population (2000): 203 Housing Units (2000): 129 Land area (2000): 0.644751 sq. miles (1.669897 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.644751 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Yorktown — (spr. Jorktaun), Hauptort u. Einfuhrhafen der Grafschaft York im Staate Virginia, am York River. Y. wurde 1705 angelegt, war früher eine ziemlich blühende Stadt, hat jetzt aber nur noch ungefähr 40 Häuser. Hier mußte 19. October 1781 Lord… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Yorktown — (spr. jórktaun), Ort im nordamerikan. Staat Virginia, am Yorkfluß, wo Lord Cornwallis sich 19. Okt. 1781 mit seiner ganzen Armee ergab …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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