Wigan

/wig"euhn/, n.
borough of Greater Manchester, in W England. 309,600.

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Town and metropolitan borough (pop., 2001: 301,417), northwestern Greater Manchester, historic county of Lancashire, England.

It lies along the River Douglas and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal. Coal was mined from the 14th century, and textiles were produced in the area as early as the 16th century. Industrialization in the late 18th century was accelerated by the building of canals and railways. Textiles have declined in importance, and the last coal mine closed in 1993. New industries, including food processing, paper and packaging, and electrical engineering, have broadened the economy. Tourism was spurred by George Orwell's treatise The Road to Wigan Pier.

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      town and metropolitan borough in the northwestern part of the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester, historic county of Lancashire, England. It lies along the River Douglas and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal. The borough includes large industrial and commercial centres such as the towns of Wigan and Leigh, suburban neighbourhoods, and small rural communities.

      The traditional industries of the borough are coal and cotton manufacture. Coal was being mined in the Wigan area by the 16th century, and the textile industry was at that time already well developed. Demand for coal increased in the 18th and 19th centuries, and by 1851 some 5,000 men and women were employed in the pits of what is now Wigan metropolitan borough. The mechanization of the textile industry in the late 18th century brought a considerable increase in the number of factories and the size of settlements. Industrialization was accelerated by the building of canals and railways to transport the area's coal, textiles, and heavy metals. Textiles have declined in importance and the last coal mine closed in 1993, but there has been an influx of new industries—notably food processing, paper and packaging, and electrical and general engineering—which have broadened the economic structure. Area metropolitan borough, 77 square miles (199 square km). Pop.(1991) town, 85,819; (1998 est.) metropolitan borough, 310,500.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wigan — Wigan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wigan — es una ciudad del noroeste de Inglaterra, el el condado metropolitano del Gran Manchester, tradicionalmente, y en cuestiones de correos está aún, en el condado histórico y geográfico de Lancashire. Es la mayor ciudad del Distrito Metropolitano de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wigan — Wig an, n. A kind of canvaslike cotton fabric, used to stiffen and protect the lower part of trousers and of the skirts of women s dresses, etc.; so called from Wigan, the name of a town in Lancashire, England. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wigan — [wig′ən] n. [after WIGAN, where first made] a canvaslike cotton cloth used to stiffen hems, lapels, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Wigan — (spr. Uiggän), Fabrikstadt der englischen Grafschaft Lancaster, nordwestlich von Manchester, am Flusse Douglas, am Leeds Liverpool Kanal, Knotenpunkt der Eisenbahnen zwischen Manchester, Liverpool u. Lancaster; Segeltuch , Baumwollenzeug , Nippes …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Wigan — (spr. ŭiggĕn), Stadt und Grafschaft im nordwestlichen England, inmitten des Kohlen und Eisenreviers, 25 km nordöstlich von Liverpool, mit einer Allerheiligenkirche aus dem 14. Jahrh, meist neuen öffentlichen Gebäuden, Lateinschule, öffentlichem… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Wigan — (spr. wiggĕn), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Lancaster, am Leeds Liverpool Kanal, (1905) 86.581 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Wigan — (Weigänn), Fabrikstadt in der engl. Grafschaft Lancaster, nordwestl. von Manchester, mit 32000 E.; in der Nähe Gruben der feinsten Känelkohle …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Wigan —   [ wɪgən], Industriestadt in der Metropolitan County Greater Manchester, England, 85 800 Einwohner; Museum mit Kunstgalerie; Metallverarbeitung, Maschinenbau, Papier , Textil , Konserven und Verpackungsmittelindustrie.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • wigan — *wigan, *wihan germ., stark. Verb: nhd. kämpfen, fechten, streiten; ne. fight (Verb); Rekontruktionsbasis: got., an., ae., ahd.; Etymologie: idg. *u̯eik (2) …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • wīgan — *wīgan germ., stark. Verb: Verweis: s. *weigan s. weigan; …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

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