Westmeath

/west"meeth', -meedh'/, n.
a county in Leinster in the N central Republic of Ireland. 61,300; 681 sq. mi. (1765 sq. km). Co. seat: Mullingar.

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Irish  An Iarmhí 

      county in the province of Leinster, central Ireland. It is bounded by Counties Cavan (north), Meath (east), Offaly (south), Roscommon (west), and Longford (northwest). The western boundary is the lower part of Lough (Lake) Ree and the River Shannon (Shannon, River), but elsewhere the county's limits wind through the central lowland, except at Lough Sheelin in the north. The county's terrain is largely undulating and about 200–400 feet (60–120 metres) above sea level. In the south there are numerous long, narrow glacial ridges called eskers (esker).

      Mullingar is the seat of the county council and a principal industrial town, as is Athlone. About two-fifths of the county's residents live in towns and villages. The county is largely pastoral, and the raising of cattle is especially important. There also are limestone quarries, and textile manufacturing provides a significant source of income. The main road to Galway runs to the Shannon crossing at Athlone.

      Westmeath was the north Teffia part of the ancient kingdom of Meath, Longford being south Teffia. With the Anglo-Norman conquest in the 12th century, it became part of the de Lacy earldom of Meath, but it was not intensively Anglicized. In 1241 the earldom lost its unity, and, with the deterioration of the English hold on Ireland, the western part of the earldom passed out of government control. Following the 16th-century reconquest of Ireland, Westmeath was separated from Meath in 1541 and ultimately passed into the hands of English landlords. The town of Athlone had military importance as a key to the crossing of the River Shannon. Area 710 square miles (1,840 square km). Pop. (2002) 71,858.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Westmeath — Karte Basisdaten Staat: Irland Verwaltungssitz: Mullingar Provinz: Leinster …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Westmeath —   [west miːȓ], irisch An Iarmhí [ən iər viː], County in der Republik Irland, 1 763 km2, 63 300 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz ist Mullingar; eiszeitlich überprägtes Tiefland mit mächtiger Moränendecke; Grünlandwirtschaft mit Rindermast. Westmeath… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Westmeath — (spr. Uëstmiddh), Grafschaft der Provinz Leinster des britischen Königreichs Irland, zwischen den Grafschaften Longford, Cavan, Ostmeath, Kings u. Roßcommon, 291/2 QM.; Gebirge: Usneach; Flüsse: Shannon, Brosna, dem Großen Kanal; Seen: Deveragh,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Westmeath — (spr. mīth), Binnengrafschaft in der irischen Provinz Leinster, grenzt im N. an die Grafschaft Cavan, im O. an Meath, im S. an King s County, im Westen an Roscommon, im NW. an Longford und umfaßt 1835 qkm (33,3 QM.) mit (1901) 61,629 Einw. (33… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Westmeath — (spr. mihth), irische Grafschaft, Prov. Leinster, 1835 qkm, (1901) 61.527 E.; Hauptort Mullingar …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Westmeath — (Uestnihsh), irische Grafschaft in der Provinz Leinster, 291/2 QM. groß, eben und fruchtbar, mit 107000 E.; die Hauptstadt Mullingar hat 5000 E …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Westmeath — [west′mēth΄] county in Leinster province, EC Ireland: 681 sq mi (1,764 sq km); pop. 62,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Westmeath — Comté de Westmeath Comté de Westmeath Contae na hIarmhí [[Image: |175px|Drapeau de Comté de Westmeath]] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • westmeath — (ˈ)wes(t)|mēth adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Westmeath, Ireland : of or from county Westmeath, Ireland : of the kind or style prevalent in county Westmeath …   Useful english dictionary

  • Westmeath — Sp Vestmidas Ap Westmeath angliškai Ap Iarmhí airiškai L Airijos grafystė …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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