war hawk

1. hawk1 (def. 4).
2. (caps.) U.S. Hist. any of the congressmen from the South and West, led by Henry Clay and John Calhoun, who wanted war against Britain in the period leading up to the War of 1812.

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Member of the U.S. Congress who advocated war with Britain (1811).

The term was applied by opponents to newly elected Southern and Western congressmen who strongly promoted U.S. expansion into the Northwest and Canada and vigorously protested British aid to Indians. The anti-British fervour of the War Hawks, who included Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun, helped cause the War of 1812.

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▪ United States history
      in U.S. history, any of the expansionists primarily composed of young Southerners and Westerners elected to the U.S. Congress in 1810, whose territorial ambitions in the Northwest and Florida inspired them to agitate for war with Great Britain. The War Hawks, who included such future political leaders as Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun, fiercely and aggressively resented American economic injuries and national humiliation during the Napoleonic Wars. They were further indignant over British encouragement of Indian hostilities toward settlers in the Northwest and hoped to use war with England to wrest Florida from Spain, Britain's ally. The nationalistic fervour and anti-British sentiment whipped up by the War Hawks was a contributing cause to the War of 1812 (1812, War of).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • war|hawk — «WR HK», noun. U.S. a person who is eager for war. ╂[< War Hawk] War Hawk or war hawk, U.S. History. any one of a group of Congressmen, led by Henry Clay, who advocated going to war with Great Britain in the years 1810 12. ╂[coined by Thomas… …   Useful english dictionary

  • war hawk — war′ hawk n. 1) cvb gov hawk I, 4) 2) gov (caps.) any of the members of Congress who wanted war against Britain in the period leading up to the War of 1812 …   From formal English to slang

  • war hawk — ☆ war hawk n. HAWK1 (n. 2) …   English World dictionary

  • war hawk — noun an advocate of an aggressive policy on foreign relations • Syn: ↑hawk • Ant: ↑dove (for: ↑hawk) • Hypernyms: ↑militarist, ↑warmonger * * * …   Useful english dictionary

  • War Hawk — Origins of the War of 1812 Chesapeake–Leopard Affair Orders in Council (1807) Embargo Act of 1807 Non Intercourse Act (1809) Macon s Bill Number 2 Tecumseh s War …   Wikipedia

  • war hawk — noun Date: 1798 a person who clamors for war; especially a jingoistic American favoring war with Britain around 1812 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • war hawk — person who advocates and clamors for war (in particular an American jingo that favored war with Great Britain around 1812); person who favors aggressive or warlike political policy (Slang) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • war hawk — (inglés: halcón de la guerra). Miembro del Congreso de EE.UU. partidario de la guerra con Gran Bretaña (1811). Usaron el término los opositores a los recién elegidos parlamentarios del sur y del oeste, que defendían con fuerza la expansión hacia… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • USS War Hawk (AP-168) — was a LaSalle Class transport ship built at the Moore Dry Dock Company in Oakland, California in 1942. LaSalle Class transport had a displacement of almost 14,000 tons and were designed to ferry troops and supplies to and from the war zone during …   Wikipedia

  • man-of-war hawk — man of war bird or man of war hawk, = frigate bird. (Cf. ↑frigate bird) Also, man o war bird or hawk …   Useful english dictionary

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