Wampanoag

/wahm'peuh noh"ag/, n., pl. Wampanoags, (esp. collectively) Wampanoag.
1. a member of a once-powerful North American Indian people who inhabited the area east of Narragansett Bay from Rhode Island to Cape Cod, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket at the time of the Pilgrim settlement.
2. the Eastern Algonquian speech of the Wampanoag people, a dialect of Massachusett.
[1670-80, Amer.; < Narragansett, equiv. to Proto-Algonquian *wa·pan(w)- dawn + -o·w- person of + *-aki pl. suffix, i.e., easterners]

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people
      Algonquian (Algonquian languages)-speaking North American Indians who formerly occupied parts of what are now the states of Rhode Island and Massachusetts, including Martha's Vineyard and adjacent islands. They were traditionally semisedentary, moving seasonally between fixed sites. Corn (maize) was the staple of their diet, supplemented by fish and game. The tribe comprised several villages, each with its own local chief, or sachem.

      In 1620 the Wampanoag high chief, Massasoit, made a peace treaty with the Pilgrims, who had landed in the tribe's territory; the treaty was observed until Massasoit's death. Bad treatment by settlers who encroached on tribal lands, however, led his son, Metacom, or Metacomet, known to the English as King Philip, to organize a confederacy of tribes to drive out the colonists (see also King Philip's War). The colonists eventually defeated and killed King Philip and other leading chiefs, and the Wampanoag and Narragansett (Narraganset) were almost exterminated. Some survivors fled to the interior, while others moved to the islands of Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard to join kin who had remained neutral during the conflict. Disease and epidemics destroyed most of the indigenous people who lived on Nantucket, but Wampanoag people survive to the present, particularly on Martha's Vineyard.

      Early 21st-century population estimates indicated some 4,500 Wampanoag descendants.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Wampanoag — [wäm΄pə nō′ag΄] n. pl. Wampanoag or Wampanoags [Narragansett, lit., people of the east] 1. a member of a loosely confederated group of Algonquian peoples in SE Massachusetts or their present day descendants 2. the extinct language of these… …   English World dictionary

  • Wampanoag — The Wampanoag [In English, pronounced IPA| [ˌwɑmpəˈnoʊæg] [http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Wampanoag] ] (Wôpanâak in the Wampanoag language; alternate spellings Wompanoag or Wampanig) are a Native American nation which currently consists… …   Wikipedia

  • Wampanoag — Siedlungsgebiet der Wampanoag und benachbarter Stämme um 1600 Die Wampanoag sind Algonkin sprechende Indianer des östlichen Nordamerika, die früher Teile der US Bundesstaaten Rhode Island und Massachusetts sowie die Inseln Martha’s Vineyard,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wampanoag — Los wampanoag (o también wôpanâak) son una tribu algonquina, también llamada pokanoket, cuyo nombre quería decir “gente del Este”. Contenido 1 Localización 2 Demografía 3 Costumbres 4 Historia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wampanoag — noun (plural Wampanoag or Wampanoags) Etymology: Narragansett, literally, easterners Date: 1676 a member of an American Indian people of Rhode Island east of Narragansett Bay and neighboring parts of Massachusetts …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Wampanoag — noun a) A Native American tribe located in southeastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island. b) The extinct Algonquin language of the Wampanoag tribe. Syn …   Wiktionary

  • Wampanoag — ISO 639 3 Code : wam ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Extinct …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Wampanoag —  Native American group, part of the Algonquin people …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Wampanoag — [ˌwα:mpə nəʊəg] noun (plural same or Wampanoags) a member of a confederacy of American Indian peoples of SE Massachusetts. Origin Narragansett, lit. easterners …   English new terms dictionary

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