Wadai

/wah duy"/, n.
a former independent sultanate of the Sudan, in N central Africa: now part of the Republic of Chad.

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Historical African kingdom, central Africa.

Located east of Lake Chad and west of Darfur, it was founded in the 16th century. A Muslim dynasty was established there с 1630, and, though long subordinate to Darfur, it became independent by the 1790s and began a period of rapid expansion. It came under French influence in 1899 and French control (1912–14). The area is now largely in eastern Chad.

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▪ ancient kingdom, Africa
      historical African kingdom east of Lake Chad and west of Darfur, in what is now the Ouaddaï (q.v.) region of eastern Chad. It was founded in the 16th century, and a Muslim dynasty was established there about 1630. Long subordinate to Darfur, it became independent by the 1790s and began a period of rapid expansion, chiefly at the expense of the Bornu kingdom to the west. Its prosperity resulted from its position at the junction of two major trade routes: the east-west route linking the upper Nile River and Darfur with Bornu and Kano, and the trans-Saharan route from Abéché (Wadai's main town) northward to Banghāzī on the Mediterranean. In the 19th century, caravans abandoned other trails across the desert in favour of the Abéché-Banghāzī route because it was safer, thanks to the regional stability achieved by a series of strong Wadai kings, or kolaks (al-Sharif, 1835–58; Ali, 1858–74; and Yusuf, 1874–98). French occupation between 1906 and 1914 put an end to the trans-Saharan trade.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wadai — (französisch Ouaddaï) bezeichnet das Volk der Maba oder Wadai im Tschad ihre Sprache, Maba (Sprache) Reich Wadai, das frühere Reich der Maba Wadai (Region), eine Verwaltungsregion des Tschad zur französischen Eroberung bis 1911: Kolonialisierung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wadāï — Wadāï, Reich im östlichen Sudân (s. Karte bei »Guinea«), früher selbständiger und bestorganisierter Staat Innerafrikas, seit 1903 zu Französisch Kongo (Tschad Territorium) gehörend, zwischen (8–18° nördl. Br. und 15–21° östl. L.) der Wüste, Dar… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Wadai — Wadāi, früher mächtiges Reich im östl. Sudan, zwischen Dâfur und Bagirmi, seit 1899 zu Franz. Kongo (Tsad Territorium) gehörig, etwa 440.000 qkm, 2½ Mill. E., meist Steppengebiet, Hauptgewässer Aukadebbe, Nebenfluß des Schari, und der Fitrisee;… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Wadai — Wadai, Uadai, so viel als Borgu …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Wadai — I Wadai,   negrides Volk, Maba.   II Wadai,   vorkolonialer islamischer Staat im mittleren Sudan, entstand in der 1. Hälfte des 17. Jahrhunderts, war spätestens um 1800 unter König Abd al Karim II. (✝ 1813) unabhängig von den Nachbarn Darfur (im… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Wadai — Reino africano histórico de África central. Situado al este del lago Chad y al oeste de Darfur, fue fundado en el s. XVI. Allí se estableció una dinastía musulmana 1630, y aunque el reino estuvo durante mucho tiempo subordinado a Darfur, se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wadai — /wɒˈdaɪ/ (say wo duy) noun a former independent sultanate of the Sudan in northern central Africa; now the eastern part of the Republic of Chad …   Australian English dictionary

  • Wadai — Wa|dai (afrikanische Landschaft) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • Wadai — /wah duy /, n. a former independent sultanate of the Sudan, in N central Africa: now part of the Republic of Chad …   Useful english dictionary

  • Wadai (Region) — Wadai Basisdaten Staat Tschad …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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